Flashcards in Chapter 11 Lab Test Deck (16)
The Pituitary Gland is also known as the _______?
Where is the Pituitary gland located?
Just below the hypothalamus. Sheltered in sella turscia, enclosure in sphenoid bone
How is the Pituitary Gland divided?
Anterior and Posterior Lobes
The Hypothalamus is attached to the posterior pituitary by the _________?
What 2 hormones does the hypothalamic nuclei of the Hypothalamus synthesize?
Oxytocin and Antidiuretic Hormone
What is considered the largest endocrine gland in adults?
Where is the Tyroid Gland located?
Adjacent to trachea near thyroid cartilage
What is the tissue that joins the Thyroid Gland in most adults?
What are Thyroid Follicles?
Sacs lined with simple cuboidal epithelium of Follicular cells. They synthesize thyroid hormone
How many Parathyroid glands located posterior surface of the Thyroid?
What is the Thymus?
Bilobed gland superior to heart. It is huge in infants, grows until age 5 or 6 and shrinks by age 14
What is the Pancreas?
Elongated Spongy organ located below and behind stomach
What are Adrenal Glands?
On top of each kidney. Relatively large in infant, shrinks by 50% by age 2. Inner medulla and outer cortex
What do the Gonads consist of?
Ovaries and Testes
What are the Exocrine products of the Gonads?
Eggs and Sperm