Chapter 11: Pharmacology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11: Pharmacology Deck (33):
1

Causes stimulation of receptors

Agonist

2

Binds to a receptor and blocks other medications or chemicals

Antagonist

3

Amount of medication given

Dose

4

Therapeutic effect

Action

5

The brand name a manufacturer gives to a medication

Trade name

6

Medications enter the body through the digestive system

Enteral

7

A liquid mixture of substances

Solution

8

A ________ that doesn't not dissolve well in liquids (will separate if let stand or is filtered)

Suspension

9

What are the six rights of medication administration

Right patient
Right medication
Right dose
Right route
Right time
Right documentation

10

A unit may carry

Oxygen
Oral glucose
Activated charcoal
Aspirin
Epinephrine

11

What are the three ways medication may be administered

Peer-assisted
Patient-assisted
EMT-administered

12

Absorbs toxic substances in the digestive tract

Activated charcoal

13

Anti inflammatory agent and anti fever agent; prevents platelets from clotting

Aspirin

14

Stimulates nervous system, causing bronchodilation

Fast acting MDI and epi

15

Fever reducer

Tylenol

16

Antihistamine

Diaphenhydramine (benadryl)

17

Nonsteroidal anti inflammatory reduce inflammation, fever and analgesic

Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, nuprin)

18

Reverses respiratory depression secondary to opioid overdose

Narcan (naloxone)

19

Dilated blood vessels

Nitroglycerin (nitrostat, nitromist)

20

Provides glucose for cells

Oral glucose

21

Reverses hypoxia, provides oxygen for the lungs

Oxygen

22

Fast acting MDI route

Inhalation

23

Epi route

Intramuscle

24

Narcan route

IM IN

25

Nitroglycerin route

SL

26

Contraindication of activated charcoal

Decreased LOC, overdose of corrosives, caustics or petroleum substances

27

Contraindications of aspirin

Hypersensitivity and bleeding

28

MDI contraindications

Hypersensitivity, tachycardia, cardiac chest pain

29

Epi contraindications

Chest pain, hypothermia, hypertension

30

Narcan contraindications

Hypersensitivity

31

Nitroglycerin contraindications

Hypotension, use of viagra within 24 hours, head injury

32

Oral glucose contraindications

Decreased LOC, nausea, vomiting

33

Oxygen contraindications

Hypoxia