Flashcards in Chapter 11 - Principles of Pharmacology Deck (50):
The process by which medications travel through the body tissues until they reach the bloodstream.
The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body.
The oral medication that binds and absorbed ingested toxins in the gastrointestinal tract for treatment of some poisonings and medication overdoses. Charcoal is ground into very fine powder that provides the greatest possible surface area for binding medications that have been taken by mouth; it is carried on the EMS unit.
The process of binding or sticking to a surface.
A medication that causes stimulation of receptors.
A medication that binds to a receptor and blocks other medications.
Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid or ASA)
A medication that is an antipyretic (reduces fever), analgesic (reduces pain), anti-inflammatory (reduces inflammation), and a potent inhibitor of platelet aggregation (clumping).
Conditions that make a particular medication or treatment in appropriate because it would not help, or may actually harm, a patient.
The amount of medication given on the basis of the patient's size and age.
Administration of a medication by the EMT directly to the patient.
Medications that enter the body through the digestive system.
A medication that increases heart rate and blood pressure but also eases breathing problems by decreasing muscle tone of the bronchiole tree.
A semiliquid substance that is administered orally in capsule form or through plastic tubes
The original chemical name of a medication (in contrast with one of its proprietary or "trade"names); the name is not capitalized.
An abnormally low blood glucose level.
The therapeutic uses for a specific medication.
Breathing into the lungs; a medication delivery route.
Intramuscular (IM) injection
An injection into a muscle; a medication delivery route.
A delivery route in which a medication is pushed through a specialized automizer device called a mucosal automizer device (MAD) into the naris.
Intraosseous (IO) injection
An injection into the bone; a medication delivery route.
Intravenous (IV) injection
An injection directly into a vein; a medication delivery route.
A substance that is used to treat or prevent disease or relieve pain.
Inappropriate use of a medication that could lead to patient harm.
Metered-dose inhaler (MDI)
A miniature spray canister through which droplets or particles of medication may be inhaled.
Mucosal automizer device (MAD)
A device that is used to change a liquid medication into a spray and push it into a nostril.
A medication that increases cardiac perfusion by causing blood vessels to dilate; EMTs may be allowed to to assist the patient to self administer the medication.
By mouth; a medication delivery route.
A simple sugar that is readily absorbed by the bloodstream; it is carried on the EMS unit.
Over-the-counter (OTC) medications
Medications that may be purchased directly by a patient without a prescription.
A gas that all cells need for metabolism; the heart and brain, especially, cannot function without oxygen.
Medications that enter the body by a route other than the digestive tract, skin, or mucous membranes.
When the EMT assists the patient with the administration of his or her own medication.
When the EMT administers medication to him or herself or to a partner.
Per os (PO)
Through the mouth; a medication delivery route; same as oral.
Per rectum (PR)
Through the rectum; a medication delivery route.
The process by which a medication works on the body.
The study of the properties and effects of medications.
The use of multiple medications on a regular basis.
Medications that are distributed to patients only by pharmacist according to a physician's order.
Any effects of the medication other than the desired ones.
A liquid mixture that cannot be separated by filtering or allowing the mixture to stand.
Subcutaneous (SC) injection
Injection into the fatty tissue between the skin and muscle; a medication delivery route.
Under the tongue; a medication delivery route.
A mixture of ground particles that are distributed evenly throughout a liquid but do not dissolve.
The desired or intended effect a medication is expected to have on the body.
Lotions, creams, and ointments that are applied to the surface of the skin and affect only that area; a medication delivery route.
The brand-name that a manufacturer gives a medication; the name is capitalized.
Through the skin; a medication delivery route.
Actions that are undesirable but propose little risk to the patient.