Flashcards in Chapter 2 - Workforce Safety and Wellness Deck (31):
Acute stress reactions
Reactions to stress that occur during a stressful situation.
The spread of an organism via droplets or dust.
Pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B virus and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
The primary federal agency that conducts and supports public health activities in the United States. The CDC is part of the US Department of Health and Human Services.
A disease that can be spread from one person or species to another.
The use of objects to limit a person's visibility of you.
The presence of infectious organisms on or in objects such as dressings, water, food, needles, wounds, or a patient's body.
The tactical use of an impenetrable barrier for protection.
Critical incident stress management (CISM)
A process that confronts the responses to critical incidents and diffuses them, directing the emergency services personnel toward physical and emotional equilibrium.
Cumulative stress reactions
Prolonged or excessive stress.
Delayed stress reactions
Reactions to stress that occur after a stressful situation.
The individual in the department who is charged with the responsibility of managing exposures and infection control issues.
Exposure or transmission of a communicable disease from one person to another by physical contact.
A situation in which a person has had contact with blood, body fluids, tissue, or airborne particles in a manner that suggests disease transmission may occur.
The contamination of food or water with an organism that can cause disease.
General adaptation syndrome
The body's response to stress that begins with an alarm response, followed by a stage of reaction and resistance, and then recovery or, if the stress is prolonged, exhaustion.
Inflammation of the liver, usually caused by a viral infection, that causes fever, loss of appetite, jaundice, fatigue, and altered liver function.
The organism or individual that is attacked by the infecting agent.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is caused by HIV, which damages the cells in the body's immune system so that the body is unable to fight infection or certain cancers.
The body's ability to protect itself from acquiring a disease.
Exposure or transmission of a disease from one person to another by contact with a contaminated object.
The abnormal invasion of a host or host tissues by organisms such as bacteria, viruses, or parasites, with or without signs or symptoms of disease.
Procedures to reduce transmission of infection among patients and healthcare personnel.
A medical condition caused by the growth and spread of small, harmful organisms within the body.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
The federal regulatory compliance agency that develops, publishes, and enforces guidelines concerning safety in the workplace.
A microorganism that is capable of causing disease in a susceptible host.
Personal protective equipment (PPE)
Protective equipment that blocks exposure to a pathogen or a hazardous material.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Eight delayed stress reaction to a prior incident. Often the result of one or more unresolved issues concerning the incident, and may relate to an incident that involved physical harm or the threat of physical harm.
The way in which an infectious disease is spread: contact, airborne, by vehicles, or by vectors.
Protective measures that have traditionally been developed by the CDC for use in dealing with objects, blood, body fluids, and other potential exposure risks of communicable disease.