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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (23):
1

applied research

to use knowledge for the improvement of the human situation

2

basic research

research to develop and refine new knowledge

3

behavioroid measure

when dependent measures go beyond self-report to elicit people's willingness to make commitments concerning future behavior

4

capitalizing on chance

the possibility of some results being significant by chance alone

5

confederate

an accomplice of the experimenter posing as a participant

6

confound

when levels of the independent variable vary directly w/some other factors

7

control

the minimization of extraneous influences on the experiment made possible by the lab's isolation from external influences

8

cover story

interpretation provided to participants about "what is going on" often misleading or deceptive

9

demand characteristics

participants attempt to pick up subtle cues in the researcher's behavior, the task, or setting to use as guidance for their behavior

10

expectancy control group design

"balanced placebo design" // expectancies are manipulated along with the major independent variable in a factorial design

11

experimental realism

the extent to which the manipulations or measures are truly perceived in the intended ways by the research participants (tldr construct validity)

12

experimenter expectancies

expectancies concerning people's typical response can actually influence participants' responses

13

funnel questioning

asking general questions first and then narrowing down by stages

14

impact studies

where the manipulation in some sense actually happens to the participants (i.e. participants confronted with an emergency)

15

internal analysis

the manipulation check responses are not used as a a basis of dropping participants but become a new independent variable

16

judgment studies

where the participants are "more like passive observers; they are asked to recognize, recall, classify, or evaluate stimulus materials"

17

mundane realism

the degree of resemblance between the lab operational definitions and some target objects or events outside the lab

18

observational studies

research that use the laboratory mainly for its convenience in arranging a controlled observation

19

particularistic research

the specification of a particular concrete setting, population, and time period to which the results are intended to apply // little replication

20

performance measure

depend on tasks that participants are instructed to perform

21

pilot testing

individuals taken from the same population as eventual participants are led through procedures and periodically asked what they think the hypothesis of the study is

22

replication

a finding that can be reproduced across a variety of settings, populations, and specific operational definitions of the theoretical constructs --> external validity

23

universalistic research

intended to investigate theoretically predicted associations between abstractly specified constructs (i.e. porn + sex crimes)