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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (21):
1

active deception

told a straight-up lie

2

Belmont Report

result of Tuskegee Syphilis Study: respect for persons, beneficence, justice

3

beneficence

do no harm, maximize benefit (i.e. contribution to society)

4

coercion

forcing somebody to be in a research study

5

consent to conceal

researchers obtaining explicit permission for participants to be deceived

6

consent to use data

form signed during debriefing saying they choose not to withhold their data after debriefing

7

debriefing

divulging thoroughly to participants all aspects of the deception and then giving them to withdraw their data from the study w/no penalty

8

deception by omission

not told a lie, but not told the whole truth

9

double deception (second-order)

told experiment is over, but continue to collect data

10

duty to warn

researcher most report the individual to the proper agency (i.e. suicide, child abuse)

11

expedited review

can be done by only on IRB member and is restricted to studies that involve no more than minimal risk (1-4 weeks)

12

full review

-reviewed in full by all members
-often request changes/justification from researchers
-approval can take 1-5 weeks

13

justice

representative sample, fair to all experimental groups, control group

14

minimal risk

harm / discomfort no greater than those encountered in daily life

15

perseverance effects

participants will continue to believe the false feedback even after having been told about the deception

16

respect for persons

information, comprehension, voluntary (informed consent)

17

risk-benefit analysis

the careful determination of the magnitude of the potential harm to participants and whether that risk is outweighed by the potential benefit of the treatment

18

Nazi Military Experiments

1945, Nazi leaders put on trial for experiments performed on prisoners

19

Nuremberg Code

Doctor's Trial (US vs Karl Brandt et al.) -- to avoid all unnecessary harm

20

Milgram Obedience Study

ordered participants to deliver increasingly painful electric shocks to an unwilling victim

21

Tuskegee Syphilis Study

used 400 impoverished African-American men with syphilis & used coercion / deception and withholding of treatment