Chapter 12 - Drugs and Chemical Classes Flashcards Preview

Medic - Exam 4 > Chapter 12 - Drugs and Chemical Classes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 12 - Drugs and Chemical Classes Deck (31):
1

Agonist

A drug that causes a physiologic response once it reacts with a receptor

2

Agonist-Antagonsit

A drug that blocks a receptor. It may provide a partial agonist activity, but it also prevents an agonist from exerting its full effects

3

Analgesia

A state in which pain is controlled or not perceived

4

Anaphylaxis

A life-threatening allergic reaction

5

Anesthesia

A process in which pain is prevented during a procedure

6

Angioedema

Swelling of the tissues, including the dermal layer; often found in and around the mouth, tongue, and lips

7

Antagonist

A drug that does not cause a physiologic response when it binds with a receptor

8

Conscious Sedation

A medication or combination of medications that allows a patient to undergo what could be an unpleasant experience by producing an altered level of consciousness but not complete anesthesia. The goal is for the patient to breathe spontaneously and maintain his or her own airway

9

Contraindication

Use of a drug for a condition when it is not advisable

10

Deep Venous Thrombosis

A blood clot that forms in the deep venous system of the pelvis or legs. This may progress to a pulmonary embolism

11

Dosage

The amount of medication that can be safely given for the average person for a specified condition

12

Dysrhythmia

An abnormal heat rhythm

13

Eczema

A disorder of the skin characterized by inflammation, itching, blisters, and scales

14

Gastic Lavage

A procedure commonly known as "stomach pumping" in which the stomach is flushed with water; typically used to treat overdose or poisoning

15

Hemarturia

Blood found in urine

16

Hyperpnea

Increased respiratory rate or deeper than normal breathing

17

Hypersensitivity

An exaggerated immune respons to a foreign agent

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Indication

The appropriate use of a drug when treating a disease or condition

19

Mania

An excessively intense enthusiasm, interest, or desire; a craze

20

Morbidity

A disease state

21

Mortality

A fetal outcome

22

Nasal Polyps

Small, saclike growths consisting of inflamed nasal mucosa

23

Nasogastic Tube

A tube placed by way of the nose into the stomach

24

Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug (NSAID)

Medications primarily used to treat inflammation,mild to moderate pain, and fever

25

Nystagmus

Involuntary rapid movement of the eyes in the horizontal, vertical or rotary planes of the eyeball

26

Orogastic Tube

A tube placed by way of the mouth into the stomach

27

Overdose

The accidental or intentional ingestion of an excess of a substance with the potential for toxicity

28

Prostaglandins

A class of fatty acids that has many of the properties of hormones

29

Rhinitis

An inflammation of the mucous membrane that lines the nose

30

Tardive Dyskinesia

A neurologic syndrome caused by the long-term or high-dose use of dopamine antagonists, usually antipsychotic medications; characterized by receptive, involuntary, and purposeless movements such as grimacing, rapid movements of the face, lip smacking, and eye blinking. Symptoms may last for a significant period after removal of the offending agent

31

Withdrawal

The termination of drug taking with physiologic symptoms