Chapter 13 - Medication Administration Flashcards Preview

Medic - Exam 4 > Chapter 13 - Medication Administration > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 13 - Medication Administration Deck (41):
1

Aerosol

A collection of particles in a gas

2

Air Embolism

Introduction of air into venous circulation, which can ultimately enter the right ventricle, closing off circulation to the pulmonary artery and leading to death

3

Ampule

A sealed sterile container that holds a single dose of liquid or powdered medication

4

Antisepsis

Prevention of sepsis by preventing or inhibiting the growth of causative microorganisms; in the field, the process used to cleanse local skin areas before needle puncture with products that are alcohol or iodine based

5

Arterial Puncture

Accidental puncture into an artery instead of a vein

6

Asepsis

Sterile; free from germs, infection, and any form of life

7

Atopic

A generic disposition to an allergic reaction that is different from developing and allergy after one or more exposures to a drug or substance

8

Bevel

The slant tip at the end of the needle

9

Buccal

Route of drug administration in which the drug is placed in the pocket between the teeth and the cheek and dissolved

10

Catheter Shear/Catheter Fragment Embolism

Breaking off the tip of the IV catheter inside the vein; the tip then travels through the venous system, where it can lodge in pulmonary circulation as a pulmonary embolism

11

Central Vein

A major vein of the chest, neck, or abdomen

12

Disinfection

Process of cleaning the ambulance, the stretcher, and equipment; disinfectant substances are toxic to body tissues

13

Documentation

Written information to support actions that lead to conclusive information; written evidence

14

Drop (or drip) Factor

The number of drops per milliliter that an IV administration set delivers

15

Enteral Drug

One that is given and passed through any portion of the digestive tract

16

Fibrinolytic Agent

Clot-busting drug; used in very early treatment of acute myocardial infarction, stroke, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and peripheral arterial occlusion

17

Flow Rate

The number of drops per minute and IV administration set will deliver

18

Hematoma

Collection of blood beneath the skin

19

Hub

The plastic piece that houses a needle and fits on a syringe

20

Infiltration

Complication of IV therapy when the catheter tip is outside the vein and the IV solution is dispersed into the surrounding tissues

21

Intraosseous Infusion

The process of infusion medications, fluids, and blood products into the bone marrow vacuity for subsequent delivery to the venous circulation

22

IV Bolus

The delivery of a drug directly into an infusion port on the administration set using a syringe

23

IV Cannulation

Placement of a catheter into a vein to gain access to the body's venous circulation

24

Intravenous (IV) Therapy

Administration of fluid into a vein

25

Lumen

An opening in the bevel of the needle

26

Medical Asepsis

Medically clean, not sterile; the goal in prehospital care because complete asepsis is not always possible

27

Metered-Dose Inhaler (MDI)

A handheld device that disperses a measured dose of medication in the form of a fine spray directly into the airway

28

Nasogastric (NG) Tube

A hollow plastic tube placed through the nose and esophagus into the stomach

29

Nebulizer

A machine that turns liquid medication into fine droplets in aerosol or mist form

30

Ophthalmic

Route of administration in which medications are applied to the eye, such as antibiotic eye drops

31

Orogastric (OG) Tube

A hollow plastic tube placed in the mouth and passed through the esophagus into the stomach

32

Otic

Route of administration in which medications are applied to the ear, such as antibiotic drops

33

Peripheral Vein

A vein outside the chest or abdomen, such as the veins of the upper and lower extremities.

34

Phlebitis

Inflammation of a vein

35

Pulmonary Embolism

Movement of a clot into the pulmonary circulation

36

Sepsis

Pathologic state, usually accompanied by fever, resulting from the presence of microorganisms or their poisonous products in the bloodstream; commonly called blood poisoning

37

Spacer

A hallow plastic tube that attaches to the MDI on one end and has a mouthpiece on the other; sometimes called a holding chamber

38

Subcutaneous (Sub-Q)

Injection of medication in a liquid form underneath the skin into the subcutaneous tissue

39

Thromboembolism

Movement of a clot within the vascular system

40

Thrombus

Clot formation

41

Vials

Glass containers with rubber stoppers at the top