Chapter 12: Gender and Sexuality Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12: Gender and Sexuality Deck (15):
1

a set of norms, or culturally difeined expectations, that define how people of one gender ought to behave

gender role

2

a generalization about a group of people (e.g., men) that distinguishes them from others (e.g., women)

stereotype

3

the process of incorporating the beliefs and customs of a new culture

acculturation

4

the ways in which society conveys to the individual its norms or expectations for his or her behavior

socialization

5

a device used to measure physiological sexual arousal in the male; it is a flexible loop that fits around the base of the penis

penile strain gauge

6

an acrylic cylinder placed inside the vagina to measure physiological sexual arousal in the female; also called a photometer

photoplethysmograph

7

sexual expression in which the emphasis is on the relationship and emotions between two people

person-centered sex

8

sexual expression in which the emphasis is on the body and physical pleasure

body-centered sex

9

a person who believes he or she was born with the body of the other gender

transsexual

10

the process for transsexuals to change their body to the other gender

gender reassignment

11

unhappiness with one's gender; another term for transsexualism

gender dysphoria

12

a category including transsexuals, those who think of themselves as a third gender, transvestites, gender benders, and others

transgender

13

a person who is born with a male body but who has a female identity and wishes to become a female biologically in order to match her identity

male-to-female transsexual (MTF)

14

a person born with a female body whose gender identity is male and wishes to undergo gender reassignment

female-to-male transsexual (FTM)

15

a test of genetic sex, in which a small scraping of cells is taken from the inside of the mouth, stained, and examined under a microscope

Buccal smear