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What is the difference between Contrast leadership and management?

Managers create plans and oversee day-to-day operations. Leadership: The ability to influence a group toward the achievement of a vision


What are the conclusions of trait theories of leadership?

Extraversion has strongest relation to leadership
Conscientiousness and Openness to Experience also strongly related to leadership
Agreeableness and Emotional Stability are not correlated with leadership
Emotional Intelligence is correlated with leadership; however, this link is under-investigated


What are the behavioral theories and its main limitations?

we can determine leadership effectiveness by leader behavior, and perhaps train people to be leaders

The Ohio State Studies
- Initiating Structure
- Consideration
The University of Michigan Studies
- Production Oriented
- Employee Oriented


What is the level of support of the contingency theories of leadershi?

Fiedler leadership model: Effective group performance depends on match between leader’s style and degree to which the situation gives the leader control
- Least-Preferred Co-worker (LPC) determines leadership style

Situational leadership theory: selecting the leadership style contingent on the followers’ readiness to accomplish a task
Path-goal theory: provide resources


What is the comparison of charismatic and transformational leadership?

C: Attributions of heroic leadership abilities when followers observe certain behaviors
T: Inspire followers to transcend their own self-interests for the good of the organization


What are the roles of ethics and trust in authentic leadership?

Authentic leaders know what they believe in and value, and act on those values and beliefs openly and candidly. Leaders set the ethical standard. Create trust
Trust: Taking risks, effective group work, sharing information, enhanched productivity


What does the role mentoring plays in our understanding of leadership.

Benefits of mentoring are primarily psychological


What are the challenges to the effectiveness of leadership?

Substitutes for and Neutralizers of Leadership
- Organizational variables can neutralize the leader’s influence or act as substitutes for leadership


How can organizations find or create effective leaders?

Selecting Leaders
Review knowledge, skills, and abilities needed
Use personality tests
Consider situation-specific experience

Training Leaders


Challenges to the Leadership Construct

Attribution Theory of Leadership
Substitutes and Neutralizers


Best leader?

The best leaders are ethical and authentic in addition to being charismatic