Chapter 13: Power and Organizational Politics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13: Power and Organizational Politics Deck (10)
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1

What is power?

: The capacity that A has to influence the behavior of B so that B acts in accordance with A’s wishes
Dependence!

2

What are the Contrast of leadership and power?

Leadership: Requires goal congruence, Focuses on downward influence
Power: Only needs dependence, Concerned with influence in all directions


3

What are the five bases of power?

Formal:
Coercive Power (fear)
Reward Power (desire)
Legitimate Power (authority)
personal:
Expert
Referent

Personal all impactful to perfromance

4

What are the nine power or influence tactics and their contingencies?

Used to translate power bases into specific actions :
Legitimacy (authority)
*Rational persuasion (Logics and facts)
*Inspirational appeals (emotion & value)
*Consultation (Involvement)
Exchange (benefits & favors)
Personal appeals (Friendships & loyalty)
Ingratiation (Flattery & praise)
Pressure (warning & threats)
Coalitions (significant others)

Direction, sequencing, individual skill, and organizational culture modify effectiveness

5

How does power affect people?

Put their interests ahead of others
Objectify others
React to threats against their competence
Tend to be overconfident

Can be positive though

6

What are organizational politics and describe why politics exist in organizations?

Activities attempting to influence, the distribution of advantages and disadvantages within the organization

Arise because of Conflicting interests, Limited resources, Ambiguity in decision making


7

What are the causes and consequences of political behavior?

Traits encourage political action: self-monitoring, internal locus of control
Organizational: Organizational resources declining or distribution shifting
Opportunity for promotion exists

Consequences: Turnover, low trust, stress, low performance, decrease job satisfaction

8

Is a a political action ethical?

How does the utility of engaging in the political behavior balance out any harm it will do to others?

9

Political skills?

ability to influence others to enhance one’s own objectives

10

Impression Management:

The process by which individuals attempt to control the impression others form of them