Chapter 12: Respiratory System Flashcards Preview

Exam #3 > Chapter 12: Respiratory System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 12: Respiratory System Deck (21):
1

Dyspnea

Difficult breathing

2

Asthma

Bronchial airway obstruction marked by paroxysmal dyspnea, wheezing, and cough

3

Atelectasis

Collapsed lung

4

Expectoration

material is expelled from the lungs

5

Pulmonary abscess

localized area of pus formation in the lungs

6

Hemoptysis

Spitting up blood from the lungs

7

Endotracheal Intubation

Tube is placed through the mouth to the trachea to establish an airway

8

PPD (purified protein derivative)

Tuberculin test

9

COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)

Airway obstruction associated with emphysema and chronic bronchitis

10

Bronchoscopy

Endoscopic examination of the bronchial tubes

11

Alveoli

Air sacs of the lungs

12

Bronchi

Branches of the windpipe that lead into the lungs

13

Cilia

Thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane lining the respiratory tract

14

Epiglottis

Lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the voice box

15

Hilum

Middle region where bronchi, blood vessels, and the nerves enter and exit the lungs

16

Larynx

Voice box

17

Mediastinum

The region between the lungs in the chest cavity

18

Palatine Tonsils

Collection of lymph tissue in the oropharynx

19

Paranasal Sinuses

Air containing cavities in the bones around the nose

20

Parietal Pleura

Outer fold of pleura lying closest to the ribs

21

Chronic Bronchitis

Involves the over production of mucus.
Mucus is made to keep the airways moist, when produced in excessive amounts it leads to coughing and sputum production.
The bronchi becomes narrow which makes it harder to get air into and out of the lungs, resulting in breathlessness.