Chapter 11: Cardiovascular System Flashcards Preview

Exam #3 > Chapter 11: Cardiovascular System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 11: Cardiovascular System Deck (26):
1

Pulmonary Artery

A blood vessel that carries oxygen poor blood from the heart to lungs

2

Systole

Contraction phase of a heartbeat

3

Diastole

relaxation phase of a heartbeat

4

Murmur

Abnormal heart sound caused by improper closure of heart valves

5

Mitral Valve

Located between the left upper and lower chambers of the heart

6

Pericardium

sac-like membrane surrounding the heart

7

Sinoatrial (SA) Node

Sensitive tissue in the right atrium wall that begins the heartbeat

8

Coronary Arteries

Blood vessels branching from the aorta to carry oxygen rich blood to the heart muscle

9

Cardiomyopathy

Disease of the heart muscle

10

Phlebitis

inflammation of the vein

11

Sphygmomanometer

instrument used to measure blood pressure

12

Aneurysm

a local widening of an artery or blood vessel

13

ECHO

high frequency sound waves are transmitted into the chest

14

Phlebotomy

incision of a vein

15

Endarterectomy

Removal of plaque from the inner lining of an artery

16

Ventricle

Lower chambers of the heart

17

Petechiae

Small, pinpoint hemorrhages

18

Hemangioma

Tumor of blood vessles

19

Embolus

Floating blood clot or other material

20

Septum

Wall or partition within the heart

21

Aorta

Largest artery in the body

22

Digoxin

drug used to treat abnormal heart rhythms

23

Hemorrhoids

Swollen, twisted veins in the rectal region

24

Tachycardia

Rapid heartbeat due to insufficient blood pumping to the body

25

Syncope (fainting)

caused by loss of consciousness due to drop in blood flow to the brain

26

Cardiac Arrhythmia

Abnormal heart rhythms