Chapter 13 Flashcards Preview

World History Unit 4 > Chapter 13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (33):
1

Policy of glorifying military power and keeping an army prepared for war

Militarism

2

Alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy

Triple Alliance

3

Man who forced Bismarck to resign

Kaiser Wilhelm II

4

Alliance made by Britain with France and Russia

Triple Entente

5

Plan that stated a large part of the German army would race west, to defeat France, and then return to fight Russia in the east

Schlieffen Plan

6

Side were Germany and Austria-Hungary

Central Powers

7

Side including Great Britain, France, Russia

Allies

8

The deadlocked region in northern France

Western front

9

Warfare were soldiers fought each other from trenches

Trench warfare

10

Area that was a stretch of battlefield along the German and Russian border

Eastern front

11

A German submarine sunk the British passenger ship Lusitania

Unrestricted submarine warfare

12

Countries developed all their resources to the war effort

Total war

13

People could only buy small amounts of those items that were also needed for the war effort

Rationing

14

One sided information designed to persuade

Propaganda

15

An agreement to stop fighting

Armistice

16

President of the United States in this time

Woodrow Wilson

17

Leader of France

Georges Clemenceau

18

Leader of Great Britain

David Lloyd George

19

Series of proposals: a plan for achieving a just and lasting peace

Fourteen Points

20

Allowing people to decide for themselves under what government they wished to live

Self-determination

21

Treaty between Germany and allied powers that was signed on June 28, 1919

Treaty of Versailles

22

League was to be an international association whose goal would be to keep peace among nations

League of Nations

23

How did nationalism, Imperialism, and militarism help set up the stage for World War I?

Nationalism can serve as a unifying force within a country. Imperialism in their sense of rivalry and mistrust of one another deepened. Militarism is having military power and keeping an army prepared for war.

24

Why were the Balkans known as the powder keg of Europe?

The Balkans was known as the "powder keg of Europe" because they had a long history of nationalists uprising and ethic clashes.

25

Why was the first battle of the Marne considered so significant?

The first battle of the Marne was considered so significant because Germans left the Schieffen plan in ruins and a quick victory in the west no longer seemed possible.

26

Where was the western front? The eastern front?

The Western Front deadlocked the region in northern France. teh Eastern Front is the stretch of battlefield along the German and Russian border.

27

What were the characteristics of trench warfare?

Characteristics of trench warfare are:muddy, terrain covered with bodies, soldiers fighting in terrible conditions, rats, depression, rain, and soldiers full of rain.

28

What was the purpose of the Gallipoli campaign?

The purpose of the Galipoli Campaign was a strategic attempt to open a sea route to the Black Sea to aid Russia in WW1. To do this the Allies had to secure the seaway from land based artillery.

29

What factors promoted the United States to enter the war?

The factor that prompted the United States to enter the war because of Germany's policy of unrestricted submarine warfare. Germany sunk the British passenger ship Lusitania, killing 125 Americans, and Germany asked mexico to attack the US.

30

In what ways was World War I a total war?

A total war is one in which the entire resources and population of a nation are utilized to fight the enemy army.

31

What was the purpose of the League of Nations?

The purpose of the League of Nations was to be an international association to keep peace among the nations.

32

What was the mandate system, and why did it leave many groups feeling betrayed?

The Mandate System was meant to prepare the "natives" of various regions for self-government. Some felt left-out because it granted mandates to only some regions

33

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