Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (33):
Policy of glorifying military power and keeping an army prepared for war
Alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
Man who forced Bismarck to resign
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Alliance made by Britain with France and Russia
Plan that stated a large part of the German army would race west, to defeat France, and then return to fight Russia in the east
Side were Germany and Austria-Hungary
Side including Great Britain, France, Russia
The deadlocked region in northern France
Warfare were soldiers fought each other from trenches
Area that was a stretch of battlefield along the German and Russian border
A German submarine sunk the British passenger ship Lusitania
Unrestricted submarine warfare
Countries developed all their resources to the war effort
People could only buy small amounts of those items that were also needed for the war effort
One sided information designed to persuade
An agreement to stop fighting
President of the United States in this time
Leader of France
Leader of Great Britain
David Lloyd George
Series of proposals: a plan for achieving a just and lasting peace
Allowing people to decide for themselves under what government they wished to live
Treaty between Germany and allied powers that was signed on June 28, 1919
Treaty of Versailles
League was to be an international association whose goal would be to keep peace among nations
League of Nations
How did nationalism, Imperialism, and militarism help set up the stage for World War I?
Nationalism can serve as a unifying force within a country. Imperialism in their sense of rivalry and mistrust of one another deepened. Militarism is having military power and keeping an army prepared for war.
Why were the Balkans known as the powder keg of Europe?
The Balkans was known as the "powder keg of Europe" because they had a long history of nationalists uprising and ethic clashes.
Why was the first battle of the Marne considered so significant?
The first battle of the Marne was considered so significant because Germans left the Schieffen plan in ruins and a quick victory in the west no longer seemed possible.
Where was the western front? The eastern front?
The Western Front deadlocked the region in northern France. teh Eastern Front is the stretch of battlefield along the German and Russian border.
What were the characteristics of trench warfare?
Characteristics of trench warfare are:muddy, terrain covered with bodies, soldiers fighting in terrible conditions, rats, depression, rain, and soldiers full of rain.
What was the purpose of the Gallipoli campaign?
The purpose of the Galipoli Campaign was a strategic attempt to open a sea route to the Black Sea to aid Russia in WW1. To do this the Allies had to secure the seaway from land based artillery.
What factors promoted the United States to enter the war?
The factor that prompted the United States to enter the war because of Germany's policy of unrestricted submarine warfare. Germany sunk the British passenger ship Lusitania, killing 125 Americans, and Germany asked mexico to attack the US.
In what ways was World War I a total war?
A total war is one in which the entire resources and population of a nation are utilized to fight the enemy army.
What was the purpose of the League of Nations?
The purpose of the League of Nations was to be an international association to keep peace among the nations.
What was the mandate system, and why did it leave many groups feeling betrayed?
The Mandate System was meant to prepare the "natives" of various regions for self-government. Some felt left-out because it granted mandates to only some regions