Chapter 14 Flashcards Preview

World History Unit 4 > Chapter 14 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (33):
1

Organized violence against Jews

Pogroms

2

The world’s longest continuous rail line

Trans-Siberian Railway

3

Supported a small number of committed revolutionaries willing to sacrifice everything for radical change

Bolsheviks

4

Major leader of Bolsheviks adopted the name...

Lenin

5

Russia’s first parliament

Duma

6

A self described holy man

Rasputin

7

Temporary government

Provisional government

8

Local councils consisting of workers, peasants, and soldiers

Soviets

9

Quiet man who rarely received much public notice

Joseph Stalin

10

Describes a government that takes total, centralized state control over every aspect of public and private life

Totalitarianism

11

A system in which the government made all economic needs and determine how to fulfill them

Command economy

12

Combining privately owned farms into large, government owned farms

Collective farms

13

A class of wealthy peasants

Kulaks

14

Campaign of terror in 1934 when Stalin turned against members of the communist party

Great Purge

15

Artistic style that praised soviet life and communist values

Socialist realism

16

Nationalist party

Kuomintang

17

First great leader who was a physician who spent many years in the US. Made revolutionary alliance to overthrow Qing Dynasty

Sun Yixian

18

Young schoolteacher who studied at Beijing university, supported student protestors. Later became China’s greatest revolutionary leader

Mao Zedong

19

Demonstrations spread to other cities and exploded into national movement called...

May Fourth Movement

20

1934, communist forces began a hazardous 6,000 mike long journey called...

Long March

21

Leader of independence movement, called him mahatma meaning great soul

Mohandas K. Gandhi

22

The deliberate and public refusal to obey an unjust law

Civil disobedience

23

1922, brilliant commander who led the Turkish nationalist in overthrowing the ottoman sultan

Mustafa Kemal

24

How did Rasputin gain political influence over the Romanov family and Russian political affairs

He seemed to ease the symptoms of the Czar's hemophiliac son, Alexei Romanov.

25

How did World War I lead to the downfall of Czar Nicholas II?

The Russian army was tired of fighting WW I, and food shortages worsened.

26

Explain the causes of Russia's civil war and its outcome

The causes of Russia's Civil War were the failure of the provisional government of Kerensky, the growing power of the soviets, the treaty of Brest-Litovsk angered Russians, and the Bolsheviks wanted to wipe out all their enemies. The outcome was the Bolshevik victory over the Whites and 14,000,000 dead.

27

What are the key traits of totalitarianism

The key traits of a totalitarian state are Ideology, Dynamic Leader, State control of individuals, Methods of Enforcement, Modern Technology, State Control of Society, Dictatorship, and One-party rule.

28

How did Stalin's Five-Year Plans differ from Lenin's New Economic Policy

Lenin's policy
Allows some private businesses, and peasants own land Classless society with production of the hands of the people Standard of living raises for many workers
Stalin's Five-Years plan
Wanted to make Russia into an industrial power with all production under government control
Created a command economyBrought all agriculture under government control, forced peasants to live on group farms.Standards of living fell for many workers

29

What individual freedoms are denied to a totalitarian state

-Freedom of speech
-Artistic Freedom
-Freedom of religion
-Freedom to love/work wherever

30

Briefly describe the May Fourth Movement and its supporters

-Angry factory workers, shopkeepers and professionals join with angry students to protest the Treaty of Versailles of World War 1 that gave Japan territories and privileges.
-Showed commitment to establishing a strong modern nation and led to the favor of communism instead of Sun's beliefs in western democracy.

31

How did the Japanese react to the civil war in china

They tried to take advantage of the internal weak state that china was in and invaded china. However, the two Chinese sides (nationalists and communists) generally united together to fight the common Japanese enemy, and as a result created heavy resistance that slowed Japanese advances and also kept Japanese troops away from other pacific battles.

32

Give examples of Gandhi's campaign of civil disobedience against the British government

Boycotts, strikes and demonstrations, and the salt march

33

What steps did Kemal take to modernize Turkey?

Kemal made reforms to modernize while he was a president:
• separated the laws of Islam from the laws of the nation
• abolished religious courts and created a new legal system based on European law
• granted women the right to vote and to hold public office
• launched government-funded programs to industrialize Turkey and to spur the economic growth