Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (33):
Organized violence against Jews
The world’s longest continuous rail line
Supported a small number of committed revolutionaries willing to sacrifice everything for radical change
Major leader of Bolsheviks adopted the name...
Russia’s first parliament
A self described holy man
Local councils consisting of workers, peasants, and soldiers
Quiet man who rarely received much public notice
Describes a government that takes total, centralized state control over every aspect of public and private life
A system in which the government made all economic needs and determine how to fulfill them
Combining privately owned farms into large, government owned farms
A class of wealthy peasants
Campaign of terror in 1934 when Stalin turned against members of the communist party
Artistic style that praised soviet life and communist values
First great leader who was a physician who spent many years in the US. Made revolutionary alliance to overthrow Qing Dynasty
Young schoolteacher who studied at Beijing university, supported student protestors. Later became China’s greatest revolutionary leader
Demonstrations spread to other cities and exploded into national movement called...
May Fourth Movement
1934, communist forces began a hazardous 6,000 mike long journey called...
Leader of independence movement, called him mahatma meaning great soul
Mohandas K. Gandhi
The deliberate and public refusal to obey an unjust law
1922, brilliant commander who led the Turkish nationalist in overthrowing the ottoman sultan
How did Rasputin gain political influence over the Romanov family and Russian political affairs
He seemed to ease the symptoms of the Czar's hemophiliac son, Alexei Romanov.
How did World War I lead to the downfall of Czar Nicholas II?
The Russian army was tired of fighting WW I, and food shortages worsened.
Explain the causes of Russia's civil war and its outcome
The causes of Russia's Civil War were the failure of the provisional government of Kerensky, the growing power of the soviets, the treaty of Brest-Litovsk angered Russians, and the Bolsheviks wanted to wipe out all their enemies. The outcome was the Bolshevik victory over the Whites and 14,000,000 dead.
What are the key traits of totalitarianism
The key traits of a totalitarian state are Ideology, Dynamic Leader, State control of individuals, Methods of Enforcement, Modern Technology, State Control of Society, Dictatorship, and One-party rule.
How did Stalin's Five-Year Plans differ from Lenin's New Economic Policy
Allows some private businesses, and peasants own land Classless society with production of the hands of the people Standard of living raises for many workers
Stalin's Five-Years plan
Wanted to make Russia into an industrial power with all production under government control
Created a command economyBrought all agriculture under government control, forced peasants to live on group farms.Standards of living fell for many workers
What individual freedoms are denied to a totalitarian state
-Freedom of speech
-Freedom of religion
-Freedom to love/work wherever
Briefly describe the May Fourth Movement and its supporters
-Angry factory workers, shopkeepers and professionals join with angry students to protest the Treaty of Versailles of World War 1 that gave Japan territories and privileges.
-Showed commitment to establishing a strong modern nation and led to the favor of communism instead of Sun's beliefs in western democracy.
How did the Japanese react to the civil war in china
They tried to take advantage of the internal weak state that china was in and invaded china. However, the two Chinese sides (nationalists and communists) generally united together to fight the common Japanese enemy, and as a result created heavy resistance that slowed Japanese advances and also kept Japanese troops away from other pacific battles.
Give examples of Gandhi's campaign of civil disobedience against the British government
Boycotts, strikes and demonstrations, and the salt march