Flashcards in Chapter 13: Book Deck (66)
Although a comprehensive knowledge of drugs is not essential for a radiographer, you must be familiar with what?
The names, dosages, and routes of administration for medications used in imaging departments.
What is used within regularity?
Limited number of drugs, and a few standard dosages of each.
Knowledge of these medications greatly facilitates is hat?
The task of assisting the physician and aids in determining whether departmental stocks of medications and medication supplies are adequate and up to date.
Knowledge of these medications facilitates what as well?
Enables the alert radiographer to prevent errors by questioning and double-checking any medication orders or records than seem unusual or inappropriate.
Any ____ can produce side effects in certain patients.
Radiographers use this knowledge to anticipate what?
To anticipate possible adverse drug reactions and to recognize and report signs and symptoms of adverse effects as they occur.
Why is medication awareness very important?
Because radiographers are often the first to observe the onset of medication responses that could have serious consequences.
What are medications?
Are substances prescribed for treatment that produce therapeutically useful effects.
What are drugs?
It is a more general term, denotes substances used in diagnosis, treatment, or disease prevention, or as a component of a medication.
In common usage, the term is also applied to what??
Applied to chemicals such as narcotics or hallucinogens that affect the CNS(central nervous system), causing behavioral changes and possibly addiction.
Drugs can replace a missing a substance in the body, such as?
Estrogen and insulin.
Some medications such as digitalis are made of what??
Heparin comes from what?
Penicillin is produced by what?
Many drugs today are manufactured from what?
What promises vast possibilities for the future??
Drug synthesis and the rapidly expanding application of genetic engineering
Each medication has a _______ name that identifies what?
If a drug consists principally of one chemical, it may also be referred to by what?
It’s chemical name
Acetylsalicylic acid is the chemical mane for the generic drug what?
Manufacturers give their products brand names that are also called?
Proprietary or trade names
The generic substance may be manufactured by several different companies and what?
Given a different trade name by each.
Synthetic antibacterial containing trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole is produced by who and under the name what?
Produced by Roche under the name Bactrim and by GlaxoSmithKline as Septra
A drug often becomes recognized by what?
The proprietary name given to it by the company that first develops and markets it.
The proprietary brand is usually more expensive than what?
its generic equivalent.
The generic and trade names of some drugs are used _________.
The generic term epinephrine is used just as frequently as the trade name _________ for this common emergency drug.
Why should you be familiar with both terms?
Because medications may be ordered by either generic or trade names
Setting standards for control of drugs is part of the role of who?
United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
The standards include strict rules concerning what??
Toxicity (potential for harm) of both perspective and non perspective over the counter (OTC) medications.