Chapter 13 -Japan Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 -Japan Deck (33):
1

Daimyo

A powerful Japanese land owner or noble

2

Shogan

A Japanese military ruler in Edo Japan

3

Shogunate

A strong council of advisors, officials, and administrators

4

Alternative attendance

The practice of forcing the daimyo to move from their home provinces to live in Edo Japan every other year

5

Hereditary

Determined by birth

6

Samurai

Professional, paid members of the Japanese military

7

Philosophy

Truth and principles

8

Seppuku

Rituals suicide performed in Japan as an honourable alternative to humiliation and public shame

9

porcelains

Porcelain Translucent ceramic

10

Outcasts

Japanese people who were shunned or ignored by other classes because of the type of work they did

11

Ronin

Warriors without a master

12

Why did Lord Asana take his own life

Because he had committed a for bidden act by drawing his sword in an Edo castle and chopping off lord Kira's arm

13

Why did Tokugawa Ieyasu become the most powerful man in Japan

Because he defeated rivil daimyo and generals in a great battle

14

Why did they attack Lord Kira

They killed him out of loyalty for their master they launched a surprise attack and killed him in his home

15

What was like life During the Eco period

Life was different for each person their were. Classes so if you were in the higher classes your life was better but if you were in the lower classes your life was the worst

16

What were the classes from the highest to the lowest

The first class was the Shogan an emperor the second was Damyio The third was samurai the fourth was peasants and woman and the last was the aboriginal people of Japan called Ainu

17

Woman

Woman we're on the lower part of the classes they were to bring up children according to what class they were in for example woman born in the samurai class respected to give their children a proper samurai up bringing

18

Peasants

Peasants were farmers and they were important and you don't Japan because they produce the food that sustained the society lost controlled every aspect of their life they were for bidden to smoke tobacco or drink rice wine

19

What was life like hundred years before the Edo period

Japan was locked in almost constant warfare. Powerful land owners, or nobles, known as daimyo competed with one another for territory and power

20

Hat was Ieyasu's plan to control daimyo

His plan was to create a long-lasting and stable government. To do this you have to control then. He gave them loyal lords domains, that is, areas of land, next to the domains of lords whose loyalty he questioned

21

Explain three measures that leyasu instituted to bring state ability to Japan

Alternate Tendance. This meant that every second year the daimyo for forced to live in Edo.

Sharing power. They let daiymo control local affairs in their territory and the show controlled important matters shogunate as foreign trade

Strict laws. Laws established by the shotgunates are controlled many aspects of the Damiyo's life

22

What's hereditary in the japans society

The rigid social structure was intended to help the show gun to maintain control. Membership of each class was determined by birth

23

What it possible to move within the hierarchy

Although people cannot officially move up people in lower classes did manage to improve their situation through hard work talent or gaining wealth

24

Artisans

Japanese craftsmen usually lived in towns and cities. An artisan's son was. Restricted not only to the class of his father but also the particular craft that his father practised

25

Merchants

Merchants brought items from artisans to trade or sell to others. They arranged for the shipping and distribution of food

26

What are the 5 basic relationships according to Confucius

Ruler and subject

Father and children
Husband and wife
Older brother and younger brother
Friend and friend

The duties of the ruler is to be wise and just rule to support and provide for the other to protect the other

The duties for the subject is to obey to respect to honour

27

What was life like for outcast

Outcasts were people who were shunned and ignored by other classes because of their work they usually worked in someway that involved death

28

What is seppuku and why did people do it

People committed suicide also known as seppuku because they thought it was more honourable to die than have no honour so they would plunger a small sword into his admin and sliced it open then someone would be had him

29

What are social controls

Social controls are the rules and customs in a society that regulate people's behaviour. The purpose of social controls is to maintain order in a society

30

Who was Confucius

He was a Chinese scholar who's teachings for mortal, that is right, living or brought over Japan by Buddhist monks

31

Why do schools in Japan have uniforms

It means school rooms will have more orderly and more disciplined and that our young people were learned to a evaluate themselves

32

How does samurai honour translate today

The enfolded into the modern businessman who carries a briefcase

33

What are goningumi

Samurai used their power to organized the lower classes into groups of five family's called goningumi. Members of these groups were supposed to help eachother