Chapter 15-Japan Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15-Japan Deck (29):
1

What pressures from outside lead to the end of isolation 1853

Perry sailed into uraga habout with 2 steamships, 2 sailing vessels, 966 men and 66 guns

2

pressures from 1854

Perry came back with more ships and troops

3

pressures from 1858

a commerical treatie gave more trading rights to the US

4

Why did the Japanese respond to Perry's vists as they did

because he has military strength and has knowledge

5

What pressures from inside Japan lead to the end of the isolation

There was loss of respect for the shogunate and an uprising against inefficienty and corruption of it's officals

6

what are three views regreding how japan should respnd to Perry

1. Wars again west
2.coutinued isolation
3. welcome america

7

How did disorder and civil war lead to the end of the shogunate

the shogun resigned when there was major fault in society

8

What amrked the biggest change of governance during the Meiji period?

There was a younger governemnt and had a more western governemnt

9

what were the goals of the meiji leaders

1. create a stronge central governemnt
2. to create a form of government more like the west

10

The five Charter Oath

1. deliberative assembly shall be widely established and all amtters decided by public discussion

2.All classes, high and ow, shall unit in vigorously carrying out the administration of the affairs of state

3. The common people, no less than civil and military of officals, shall each be allowed to purse his own calling so that there may be no discontent

4. Evil custums of the past shall be broken off and everything based on the laws of nature

5. Knowlegde shall be sought troughout thr world so as to strenghthn the foundations of imperical rule

11

How did the changes affect the daimyo? the samurai?

The daimyo were encourged and kinda forced to give up some of there land. The samurais had to get jobs

12

What new freedoms were given to commoners?

Commoners were allowed the rights of getting jobs they want, having family surnames and allowed to live were they want

13

in the 1880' what values did the japanese educaion system emphansize

they valued tradital values and learning how to respect the emporor

14

list somethings that didnt change in peoples daily lives

traditional family patterns-
fathers still have legel authority for their families and anyone who defined his order was a no body

Class distinctions- Common people still looked up to there superiors

Rural peasent life- taxes remained high

education- people couldn't afford education for their children especially their daughers

15

How did the production change in the west in the mid 1700s

before this time things were usually produced by hand but graually machines were invented that could do this work more quickly

16

How did japan attempt to adopted this new technology

The westernized everything

17

What were some early stages of "westerization"

daily newspaper and books were placed in public

18

How did laws change to prevent offensive behaviour to foregners

In warm weather, Japanese working men wore only loinclothes

in 1872 the Japanese governemnt passed a law to prohibit tattooing including done by Ainu

Public bathing were ordered to be close or be modified

19

How did court behavior change to westernize

they learn proper behaviour ;ike not removing there shoes shaking hands and smiling

20

How had the appearce of japanese men change by the 1870's

They had there hair short and some grew beards. They wore different clothing and there were uniforms

21

How did emperoe meiji combine old and new

He kept the some of the same clothing and more WEjapanese ways but also used western ways

22

In what area was influence speading from east to west

Westerners were discovering Japnese art and design like wood block prints

23

How did the japanese government encourage thier 'Western Science, Japanese Essence' approach to progress

Beliefs\Religion
They discourged Buddism and made the shinto there offical religion

Government\Consition
They began to adapt the ways of the western governement with a blend of the old and new ways

24

What thrree things did the Meiji leaders recongize in common in powerful erstern countries

1. contol over foreign colonies and territories
2. military power to defend these terriotories
3.a strong and indendent economy

25

How did the Japanese governemnt attempt to strength it's militray

The conscripition Law of 1873 required all amlesd to serve on the militray for three years

26

What did the Japanese do militarily to gain advantage over korea

Sino-Japanese War
The war between japan and china was quick and decisive after the war between them they signed a peace treaty

Russo-Japanese War
In 1904 Japan lauched a surprised attack on the Russian ships in Port arthur they went into peace negotiations in 1905

27

Why were some Japanese thinkers critical of the slow down in Westernization of Japan

they felt it was not enough to borrow technology or to copy military power. they felt that japan's political and educational systems were returning to old

28

What two periods in Japan's history does historian ken henshall consider 'miraculous' and why?

Meiji post war

29

What four factor are generally consideried the keys to japanese modernization in the 20th century

1. the ability of the japanese to learn from others and to adapt and improve these borrowing
2.the importance of learning and education
3. the japanese desire to make thier country powerful and respected in the world
4. the willingness of the japanese to work hard and make sacrifices for the greater good of the group and society in general