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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (35)
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1

A system of law based on precedent and customs

Common law

2

A ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a later, similar case

Precedent

3

A law written by a legislative branch of government

Statute

4

A legal action in which a person or group sues to collect damages for some harm that is done

Lawsuit

5

Branch of law dealing with the formation, construction, and interpretation of constitutions

Constitutional law

6

A law established by judicial decisions instead of by legislative action

Case law

7

Rules and regulations set by government agencies

Administrative law

8

A court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why the person is being held

Writ of Habeas Corpus

9

A law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a fair trial

Bill of Attainder

10

A law that would allow a person to not be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed

Ex Post Facto

11

Following established legal procedures

Due process

12

A rule that evidence gained by police in a way that violates the fourth amendment may not be used in a trial

Exclusionary rule

13

List of rights police must inform the persons of before questioning, including the right against self-incrimination and the right to counsel

Miranda Warning

14

What are the four things that make a good law

Fair, Reasonable, Understandable, and Enforceable

15

What is the earliest written code ever discovered and when was it written

the Code of Hammurabi in 1760 B.C.

16

What mainly forbade acts such as murder and theft and was written the second latest

Israelite Law

17

What was first published in 450 B.C.

Roman Law

18

What did the Roman Law later turn into

The Justinian Code

19

What was the Justinian Code mainly about

religious ideas

20

Louisiana wrote a set of laws in 1825 based on what

Napoleonic Code

21

what is based on court decisions rather than legal code

English Common Law

22

What was blended together to make English Common Law

Roman Law and Canon Law

23

What was English Common Law also considered

Judge-made Law

24

What are the two types of Laws

Criminal Laws and Civil Laws

25

What are Criminal Laws for

protecting the citizens.

26

What are the two things that crimes are graded as

Felonies and Misdemeanors

27

Felonies are

serious offenses

28

Misdemeanors are

lesser offenses

29

What do Civil Laws deal with

disputes between the Government and its citizens

30

how are civil laws brought before a court

in a lawsuit