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Flashcards in Political Parties Deck (30)
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1

political party

a group of people with broad, shared interests

2

why do political parties use symbols

to make things less confusing

3

why did Americans split into different political parties

because people had different ideas about what the government should do

4

which political candidate believed that people should be protected from a large national government system

Jefferson

5

Which party grew from the idea that a strong central government would encourage a strong economy

Federalist party

6

What was Jefferson's reasoning behind favoring a strong state government rather than a strong national government

the state was closer to the people

7

Why was the Republican Party so successful following the Civil War but less so after the Great Depression

because they were strongly against slavery

8

how did the issue of slavery influence the formation of political parties

because people who had the same view on slavery formed different political parties

9

why do third parties usually not last very long in the American two-party system

because the issue that they are promoting usually loses importance or is adopted by a larger party

10

what is a disadvantage of a multi-party system

one party rarely wins enough support to control the government

11

national committee

representatives from the 50 state party organizations who run a political party

12

caucus

a meeting of political party members to conduct party business

13

precinct

a geographic area that contains a specific number of voters

14

Political machine

a strong party organization that can control political appointments and deliver votes

15

direct primary

an election in which voters choose candidates to represent each political party in a general election

16

closed primary

an election in which only the declared members of a political party in a general election

17

open primary

an election in which voters need not to declare their party preference

18

plurality

the most votes among all those running for a political office

19

majority

a number that is more than 50 percent of the total

20

what is the purpose of a presidential primary

to nominate, or choose, candidates for office

21

what is the relationship between a political machine and a political party

a regular party welcomes anyone who wants to belong and they do all they can to attract members. A political machine is a very strong form of a political party

22

how did political machine at one time aid citizens

it provided jobs to the people who voted for them

23

why are political machines thought to be harmful

because if it is in power too long then it could start to ignore the people's needs

24

what is the purpose of primary elections

to allow people to vote on whichever party that they want

25

what is a closed primary

an election in which only party members can vote

26

what is an open primary

an election in which any registered voter is allowed to vote

27

what is the difference between a plurality and a majority

plurality is getting the most votes in a primary but majority is getting more than 50% of the votes

28

what is the most basic function of a political party

to elect candidates to office

29

list some examples of grassroot movements

people wanting to ban alcohol or people wanted to ban firearms

30

why is it important of political parties to act as watchdogs

to keep the party in power in check and to help the people voice their opinion