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Flashcards in Chapter 15 Deck (56)
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1

What do Civil Laws deal with

disputes between a group or a person

2

When do civil disputes take place

when someone feels that they have been harmed by someone elses actions

3

what are the four branches of civil law

contract law, property law, family law, and personal injury law

4

what is an agreement between two or more parties to exchange something of value called

a contract

5

what can one party do if the other party fails to follow through with a contract

sue

6

what does property law deal with

everything involved in buy and selling property including how it is cared for

7

what does family law deal with

everything that deals with family matters

8

what is a wrongful act, other than breaking a contract, for which an injured party has the right to sue called

tort

9

what is a lack of proper care and attention

negligence

10

what is the difference between a tort and a negligence

a tort is intentional, a negligence is doing something that a reasonable person would not have done

11

who is the person in civil cases who filed the lawsuit

plaintiff

12

who is the person in civil cases who is being sued

the defendant

13

what is the money ordered by a court to be paid for injuries or losses suffered

damages

14

what is a notice directing someone to appear in court to answer a complaint or charge

summons

15

what is a process by which lawyers have the opportunity to check facts and gather evidence before a trial called

discovery

16

when does the lawyer start working on their discovery

after the defendant's lawyer answers the complaint

17

each side can ask for a jury to decide the case. True or False

True

18

who presents their evidence first

plaintiff

19

when does the judge decide a verdict

after all of the evidence has been shared

20

what is additional money for bad conduct called

Punitive damages

21

when does the loser of a case have the right to appeal to a higher court

after the case is over

22

what is an act that breaks a law and causes harm to people or to society in general

crime

23

what is a state's written criminal laws

penal code

24

what is a minor crime for which a person can be fined a small sum of money or jailed for up to one year

misdemeanor

25

what is a more serious crime such as murder, kidnapping, or robbery

felony

26

why are crimes against people, rather than property, seen more important

it can directly harm someone

27

what are crimes against people also called

violent crimes

28

the more serious the crime, the _________ the punishment

harsher

29

only a few criminal laws set minimum and maximum punishment. True or False

False

30

what is the punishment given to someone found guilty of committing a crime called

sentence