Chapter 14 WWI Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 WWI Deck (21):
1

Causes of WWI

Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, and Nationalism

2

Allies/ Triple Entente

France, Great Britain, Russia, and later on, the USA

3

Triple Alliance/ Central Powers

Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire

4

Neutral Countries

Spain, Norway, Sweden, Netherlands, Switzerland, Albania, Luxembourg, and Denmark

5

Italy and Alliances

originally joined Central Powers in 1882 then became neutral, then when WWI started, they joined the Allies

6

entente

nonbinding agreement to follow certain policies

7

militarism

the glorification of the military

8

Why we're the Balkans called the Powder Keg?

they were a barrel of gunpowder that a tiny spark could cause to explode due to the tensions between countries

9

who was the archduke of Austria Hungary who was assassinated, and who was he assassinated by?

Francis Ferdinand assassinated by Gavrillo Princip from the terrorist group, Black Hand

10

who ruled Bosnia and why was it important?

Austria-Hungary because Serbia didn't want to be taken over by Austria-Hungary

11

How did Germany react to the assassination?

they gave Austria-Hungary a blank check which promised unconditional support no matter what

12

what is an ultimatum and what was the one given to Serbia called?

a final set of demands, Anti-Austrian Agitation

13

Why did Austria declare war on Serbia?

Serbia didn't agree to all the terms on the ultimatum

14

Who backed Serbia?

Russia

15

mobilize

prepare it's military forces for war

16

Germany declared war on Russia because of ___________________ and France was drawn into the war because ________ ________ ______________.

mobilization, they were allies

17

neutrality

a policy of supporting neither side in a war

18

Germany's worst fear about WWI

having to fight a war on 2 fronts

19

What was the Sclieffen Plan, and what is its goal?

Germany would invade France and take them over first then move on to Russia because Russia would be slow to mobilize

to avoid a war on 2 fronts

20

What neutral country did Germany invade that got Britain upset and declare war on Germany?

Belgium

21

Events in order:

1) Ferdinand is assassinated
2) Germany issues blank check
3) A-H gives Serbia ultimatum
4) Serbia refuses entire ultimatum
5) Germany refuses to attend conference
6) A-H declares war on Serbia
7) Russia mobilizes
8) Germany declares war on Russia
9) France backs Russia
10) Germany invades neutral Belgium
11) Britain declares war on Germany