Chapter 15-20 Flashcards Preview

Nursing fundamentals QUIZ 1 > Chapter 15-20 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 15-20 Deck (21)
Loading flashcards...
1

Critical thinking

A process acquired only through experience, commitment and an activity of curiosity toward learning

+It is an active, organized cognitive process used to carefully examine one's thinking and the thinking of others (Chaffee 2002)

2

ATI Critical thinking

-Incorporates reflection, language, and intuition

+reflection: precise, clear language demonstrating focused thinking

+language: precise, clear language demonstrating focused thinking

+intuition: an inner sensing that something is not currently supported with fact.

3

Levels of critical thinking

-basic: trusts that experts have the right answers to every problem

-complex: begin to separate themselves from authorities

-commitment: person anticipates the need to make choices without assistance

4

scientific method

looking for the truth or verifying that a set of facts agrees with reality

5

problem solving

Obtaining information and then using information plus what we already know to find solution

6

Decision making

Product of critical thinking that focuses on problem resolution

7

diagnostic reasoning and inference

Inferences: process of drawing conclusion from related pieces of evidence

8

clinical decision making

Defininf client problems and selecting appropriate treatment

9

attitudes for critical thinking

+confidence
+independence
+fairness
+responsibility
+risk taking
+disciplng
+perseverance
+creativity
+curiousity
+integrity
+humility

10

Nursing process

+ADOPIE
-Assessment: gather info. about pt.

-Diagnosis: identify problem

-Outcome identification:

-planning: set goals care and desired outcomes and identify appropriate nursing actions

-implementation: perform the nursing action identified in planning

-Evaluation: determine if goals and outcomes achieved

11

Nursing assessment

1) data collection
2) interpreting assessment data and making nursing judgments

12

Nursing diagnosis

Classifies health problems within the domain of nursing

13

Diagnostic label

The name of the nursing diagnosis is approved by NANDA-I

14

sources of diagnostic errors

-errors in data collection
-interpretation and analysis of data error
-errors in data clustering
-errors in diagnostic statement

15

Planning nursing care

-sets client-centered goals and expected outcomes and plans nursing interventions
-sets priorities for clients

16

Establishing priorities

-High
-Intermediate
-Low

-airway and circulation is first

17

Guidelines of writing goals and expected outcome

-client centered
-singular goal or outcome
-observable
-measureable
-time limited
-matual factors
-realistic

18

nursing intervention

treatments or actions that nurses perform to meet client's outcomes

19

types of interventions

-Nurse initiated
-Physician initiated
-Collaborative

20

direct care

-Activitied of daily living
-instrumental activities of daily living
-physical care techniques
-life saving measure
-counseling
-teaching
-controlling adverse reactions
-preventive measures

21

indirect care

-many measure are managerial in nature
+environmental safety
-Communicating nursing interventions
+documentation
+change of shift report
-Delegating, supervising and evaluating the work of other staff members