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Flashcards in Chapter 1-2 Deck (26)
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1

What is nursing

-Art & science
-Commitment to the application of knowledge and clinical experience
-focuses on the whole person, not just the presenting health problem

2

Florence Nigtingale

-Founding of nursing (mid 1800s)
-First nursing philosopher

+ "Charge of somebody's health"
+ "how to put the body in such a state to be free of disease or to recover from disease"

3

Influences on nursing

+keep people healthy
+health care reform
+demographic undeserved
+Threat of bioterrorism
+rising health care costs
+nursing shortage

4

Nursing as a profession

1. extended education
2. Theoretical body of knowledge
3. specific service-provided
4. autonomy in decision-making and practice
5. code of ethics

5

Benner: from novice to expert

+Novice: Beginning nursing student
+Advance beginner: Some level experience
+Competent: Same clinical position for 2-3 hours
+Proficient: a nurse greater than 2-3 years
+Expert: Nurse w/ diverse experience

6

Code of ethics

philosophical ideals of right and wrong that define principles used to provide care.

7

Profession responsibilities

-Autonomy and accountability
-caregiver

-Advocate: Protect clients humans legal rights and provide assistance in asserting those rights if the need arises

-Educator
-communicator
-manager
-career development

8

Trends in Nursing

-New kinds of health care agencies
-Cultural diversity
-safety
-genomics: study of all genes
-impact of nursing on politics and health policy

9

QSEN

+ Quality and safety education for nurses

10

6 KSA's

+knowledge, skills and attitudes

1. patient centered care
2. teamwork and collaboration
3. evidence-based practice
4. quality improvement
5. safety
6. informatics

11

Components of health care systems

-people
-settings
-regulatory agencies
-health care financing mechanisms

12

Health care delivery system

-Compromised of interaction between health care providers and clients within constraint of financing mechanisms and regulatory agencies

13

Levels of health care

-preventive care
-primary care
-secondary acute care
-tertiary care
-restorative care
-continuing care

14

Preventive care

+Reducing and controlling risk factors for disease
+Immunizations and health screenings

15

Primary Care

Prenatal care, exercise classes

16

Secondary acute care

Emergency care, acute med-surg

17

Tertiary care

Intensive care, oncology, burn, sub acute units

18

Restorative care

+regain maximal functional
+ Rehabilitation, extended care facilities

19

Continuing care

+retirement homes, hospice

20

Issues in health care delivery

-competency
-ecidence-based practice
-quality and safety health care
-magnet recognition program
-technological advancements and nursing informatics
-globilization of health care

21

Competency

emphasizes the importance f public service, caring for the health of communities, and developing ethically responsible behaviors

22

Evidence-based practice

- problem-solving approach to clinical practice that involves the conscientious use of current best evidence, along with expertise references

23

quality and safety in health care

health plans rely on the health plan employer data and information set (HEDIS)
-The national committee for quality assurance (NCQA)

24

Magnet recognition program

To help nurses find other good nurses

25

Technological advancements and nursing informatics

technology is a great influence on nurses

Nursing informatics:
-best computer science and information science with nursing science

26

Globalization of health care

nurses need to understand the worldwide communication and globalization of health care influences nursing practice