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Flashcards in chapter 15 Deck (21)
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1

what is a depression

a period of low economic activity and rising unemployment

2

what was made through the dawes plan

an attempt to reduce german reparations and alleviate the strain on the german economy

3

what did the nuremberg laws do

stripped jews of their german citizenship

4

what was the new deal

the policy of government intervention in the us economy during the great depression

5

what is fascism

a political philosophy and system that favors a strong central government led by a dictator

6

what happens in a totalitarian state

the government seeks complete control over other people’s lives

7

what is aryan

the term the nazis misused to describe their supposed master race

8

what was collectivization

a system in which private farms are eliminated and peasant work land is owned by the government

9

what did the enabling act do

gave power to the german government to pass laws while disregarding the constitution

10

what was the new economic policy

lenin’s modifies version of capitalism that permitted some private ownership

11

why did the united states end up not being a member of the league of nations

it refused to sign the treaty of versailles after ww1

12

what was one of the rights reserved for workers in the french new deal

collective bargaining

13

what made germany vital to the european economy after ww1

germany used loans from the us to pay reparations to britain and france

14

what did economist john maynard keynes believe

one of the causes of the great depression was unemployment due to declining demand, not overproduction

15

what was exhibited by the arts and sciences in the 1920s

uncertainty about the future

16

what did mussolini and the italian fascists use

propaganda to manipulate the public opinion

17

what was the main goal of stalin’s five year plan

transforming the ussr from an agricultural economy into an industrial economy

18

what was the main reason parliamentary systems failed in most european states

states not having a tradition of democracy

19

what paved the way for authoritarian leaders

inflation and unemployment during the great depression in germany

20

what was a major nazi propaganda film directed by leno riefenstahl

triumph of the will

21

what was mein kampf

hitlers autobiography that was written during his time in prison