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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (20)
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what was trench war fare

a style of war conducted from a system of ditches protected by barbed wire, a defensive strategy that was implemented during ww1


what did the fourteen points do and who were they proposed by

they were proposed by woodrow wilson for means of peace and it asserted people’s right to self determination


who made up the triple entente

france , great britain, and russia


who made up the triple alliance

germany, austria hungary, and italy


who was lawrence of arabia

a british official who encouraged princes in the middle east to revolt against the ottomans


what is a war of attrition

a war based on wearing the other side down with constant attacks and heavy losses


what was the league of nations

an international peacekeeping organization created at the end of ww1, and it was proposed by the united states (although they never joined it)


what is total war

the complete mobilization of a nation’s resources and people where all efforts and attention of the country shift toward winning the war


what was the bolshevik revolution

the uprising in 1917 that led to russia’s withdrawal from ww1


what is an armistice (truce)

an agreement that brings an end to fighting


what happened as nations began mobilizing for war

tensions rose drastically among european countries after 1900


why was austria hungary angered

serbia tried to form its own independent state


what were the first nations to get involved in the initial conflict between serbia and austria hungary

germany and russia


what was the war effort on the western front characterized by early on

trench warfare that kept both sides in the same position for four years


what did the allied and central powers do in an attempt to gain more money and supplies

sought new allies as the war progressed


why did civil war break out in russia after the beginning of ww1

many people opposed the bolshevik government


what led to complicated negotiations at the paris peace conference

territorial disputes among the Big Three


why was germany opposed to certain articles of the treaty of versailles

it laid most of the blame for ww1 on germany and austria, requiring them both pay reparations


what was a major cause of the bolshevik revolution

czar nicholas’s failed military and economic policies


what was one long lasting impact of ww1

the breakup of the ottoman empire