Chapter 16; section 1 Flashcards Preview

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Old immigrants

Between 1800-1880, more than 10 million immigrants came to the United States. Most were Protestants from northwestern Europe.

1

New immigrants

about 70% were from southern or Eastern Europe. Czech, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Russian, & Slovak were among the nationalities represented. most of them were Catholics, Greek Orthodox, or Jewish. Arabs, Armenians, Chinese, French, Canadians, & Japanese also arrived by the thousands.

2

Steerage

These accommodation's were below deck on the ship's lower levels near the steering mechanisms.
The quarters were very cramped, w/ little to no privacy as well a very poor ventilation.

3

Benevolent societies

Residents in many cities formed religious and nonreligious aid organizations. these orgaanizaations were meant to help immigrants in case of sickness, unemployment, & death.

4

Denis Kearney

He was he leader of a party called the Workingmen's party of California cried out that "THE CHINESE MUST GO." Although he himself was an irish immigrant.

5

Chinese exclusion act

Congress passed this act in 1882 which denied citizenship to people born on China and prohibited the immigration of Chinese laborers.

6

Immigration restriction league

This organization was founded in 1894 by wealthy bostonians.
They sought to impose literacy tests on all immigrants.

7

Grover Cleveland

H was the 22nd president of the United States of America.