Flashcards in Chapter 17 Deck (27)
"The Sun King"
- Louis XIV
Mid-1600s France was what kind of Government?
- Absolute Monarchy
- Ruler claims sole and incontestable power
- Competed with Constitutionalism
- The ruler shares power with an elected parlement of nobles
What is "L'ete, c'est mai" and who said it?
- "I am the state"
- Louis XIV
- Series of revolts in France during the reign of Louis XIV
- Comes from the word for a child's slingshot, which called the rebels childish
- A network of state officials carrying out their duty according to a regular and routine line of authority
- Governments must intervene to increase national wealth by whatever means
Mid 1600s Brandenburg-Prussia was what kind of government?
- Militaristic Absolutism
Who was called "The Great Elector"?
- Frederick William of Hohenzellem
- Calvinist Ruler
- Nobles in Brandenburg-Prussia
Mid-1600s Russia was what kind of government?
- Bureaucratic Absolutism
What was the Code of 1649?
- Tsar Alexei I tried to impose new taxes
- Riots broke out
- Caused meeting of the Assembly of the Land
What was the Assembly of the Land?
- First met in 1649
- Created a new code of law in Russia that would remain in place for 200 years
- Serfs became property
Who was Stenka Razin?
- Cossak from Russia after the Assembly of the Land
- Led a rebellion of serfs in 1677
Who were the Old Believers?
- In Russia
- Rejected church efforts to bring Russia worship more in line with Byzantine Traditions
What was the flaw in Poland-Lithuania's government?
- In their parlement everyone had absolute veto power
What are Shtetls?
- Jewish Villages
What was the Court of the Star Chamber?
- Controlled by King Charles
- Used to try people without permission from Parliament
- Abolished in 1640
Charles I did what from 1629-1640?
- Refused to call Parliament
What was the Book of Common Prayer?
- Anglican Prayer Book
Who established the New Model Army?
- Oliver Cromwell
Who tried Charles I?
- Rump Parliament
English Revolution - Who were the Cavaliers?
- King's army of Royalists
English Revolution - Who were the Roundheads?
- Parliament's army
- Entirely autonomous congregation free from other church governments