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Flashcards in Chapter 17 Deck (27)
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1

"The Sun King"

- Louis XIV

2

Mid-1600s France was what kind of Government?

- Absolute Monarchy

3

Define Absolutism

- Ruler claims sole and incontestable power
- Competed with Constitutionalism

4

Define Constitutionalism

- The ruler shares power with an elected parlement of nobles

5

What is "L'ete, c'est mai" and who said it?

- "I am the state"
- Louis XIV

6

Define "Fronde"

- Series of revolts in France during the reign of Louis XIV
- Comes from the word for a child's slingshot, which called the rebels childish

7

Define Bureaucracy

- A network of state officials carrying out their duty according to a regular and routine line of authority

8

Define Mercantilism

- Governments must intervene to increase national wealth by whatever means

9

Mid 1600s Brandenburg-Prussia was what kind of government?

- Militaristic Absolutism

10

Who was called "The Great Elector"?

- Frederick William of Hohenzellem
- Calvinist Ruler

11

Define Junkers

- Nobles in Brandenburg-Prussia

12

Mid-1600s Russia was what kind of government?

- Bureaucratic Absolutism

13

What was the Code of 1649?

- Tsar Alexei I tried to impose new taxes
- Riots broke out
- Caused meeting of the Assembly of the Land

14

What was the Assembly of the Land?

- First met in 1649
- Created a new code of law in Russia that would remain in place for 200 years
- Serfs became property

15

Who was Stenka Razin?

- Cossak from Russia after the Assembly of the Land
- Led a rebellion of serfs in 1677

16

Who were the Old Believers?

- In Russia
- Rejected church efforts to bring Russia worship more in line with Byzantine Traditions

17

What was the flaw in Poland-Lithuania's government?

- In their parlement everyone had absolute veto power

18

What are Shtetls?

- Jewish Villages

19

What was the Court of the Star Chamber?

- Controlled by King Charles
- Used to try people without permission from Parliament
- Abolished in 1640

20

Charles I did what from 1629-1640?

- Refused to call Parliament

21

What was the Book of Common Prayer?

- Anglican Prayer Book

22

Who established the New Model Army?

- Oliver Cromwell

23

Who tried Charles I?

- Rump Parliament

24

English Revolution - Who were the Cavaliers?

- King's army of Royalists

25

English Revolution - Who were the Roundheads?

- Parliament's army

26

Define Congressionalism

- Entirely autonomous congregation free from other church governments

27

Basic info on Oliver Cromwell

- Member of house of commons
- Sympathized with Independants
- Reorganized Parliaments troops and lead to Charles I's surrender