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1

Ospedale degli Innocenti

- Established in 1445 to deal with large numbers of abandoned children in Florence by the poor and lower classes as well as the children born out of wedlock
- more than 2/3s were girls
- higher than normal death rate

2

What book did Niccolo Machiavelli write and why was it important?

1469-1527
- author of The Prince
- first treatment of science to discuss the acquisition and exercise of power without reference to an ultimate moral or ethical end

3

What empire did Venice rule?

- Extensive colonial empire from Adriatic to Aegean Sea
- Merchants sailed the Mediterranean, Atlantic Coast, and Black Sea; Christian Pilgrimages to Palestine were booked on their ships

4

Who was the most important family in Florence around 1430?

The Medici

5

What did the Medici do?

- Ran a bank handling Papal Finances
- Fell from power in 1490s, rose again in 1512-1527, came to power again in 1530
- in 1530 made Florence a Duchy

6

What is a Duchy?

A state ruled by Dukes

7

The military state that was the most power 15th century (Renaissance) Italian Principality

Milan

8

Who was Francesco Sforza? Who did he marry?

- In Milan (1400s)
- Married the illegitimate daughter of the last of the Visconti family
- Promoted to general to protect Milan after the end of the Visconti, but seized power

9

What were the Papal States?

- Ruled by corrupt church officials

10

Renaissance Naples was ruled by?

Feudal Barons

11

What did Bernard du Rosier publish?

- The first diplomatic handbook
- 1436

12

What did Burgundy do during the Renaissance?

- take over more land by means of purchases, inheritance, and conquests

13

Henry VI was known as what kind of monarch?

Weak and mentally unstable

14

What was the victor of the War of the Roses?

- The Tudors, Henry VII

15

What are Conversos?

Jewish converts to Christianity

16

What did Mattthias Corvinus do?

- Hungarian King
- Patron of Arts and Humanist
- Created a great library

17

The first Czar was:

Ivan III

18

Dowry Fund

A public fund established in 1425 to raise state revenues and a major investment for the upper classes
15-25% interest