Chapter 18: Endocrine System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 18: Endocrine System Deck (120):
1

Aden/o

Gland

2

Adren/o

Adrenal glands

3

Adrenal/o

Glands

4

Gonad/o

Sex glands

5

Pancreat/o

Pancreas

6

Parathyroid/o

Parathyroid gland

7

Pituitar/o

Pituitary gland

8

Thyr/o

Thyroid gland

9

Andr/o

Male

10

Calc/o, calici/o

Calcium

11

Cortic/o

Cortex, outer region

12

Crin/o

Secrete

13

Dips/o

Thirst

14

Estr/o

Female

15

Gluc/o, glyc/o

Sugar

16

Home/o

Sameness

17

Hormone/o

Hormone

18

Kal/I

Potassium (an electrolyte)

19

Lact/o

Milk

20

Myx/o

Mucus

21

Natr/o

Sodium (an electrolyte)

22

Phys/o

Growing

23

Somat/o

Body

24

Ster/o

Solid structure

25

Toc/o

Childbirth

26

Toxic/o

Position

27

Ur/o

Urine

28

-agon

Assemble, gather together

29

-emia

Blood condition

30

-in, -ine

A substance

31

-tropin

Stimulating the function of

32

-uria

Urine condition

33

Eu-

Good, normal

34

Oxy-

Rapid, sharp, acid

35

Pan-

All

36

Tetra-

Four

37

Tri-

Three

38

What is a function of the thyroid gland

Secretes thyroxine

39

What is another name for the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland

Adenohypopysis

40

What secretes cortisol

Adrenal cortex

41

What hormone is secreted by the pancreas

Insulin

42

What hormone regulates calcium in the blood and bones

Parathyroid hormone

43

What hormone stimulates the adrenal cortex to secrete hormones

ACTH

44

What is an example of an electrolyte

Sodium

45

What's an element in thyroxine

Iodine

46

What is a hormone secreted by the ovary and adrenal cortex

Estrogen

47

Secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland

Gonadotropin

48

What is the term for excessive development of mammary tissue in a male

Gynecomastia

49

Kal/i is a combining form for which substance

Potassium

50

Insulin deficiency or resistance leads to hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis

Diabetes mellitus

51

A group of symptoms produced by excess of cortisol from the adrenal cortex

Cushing syndrome

52

Advanced hypothyroidism in adulthood

Myxedema

53

Post-puberty hypersecretion of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary gland

Acromegaly

54

Thyrotoxicosis; hypersection of the thyroid gland

Graves' disease

55

Enlargement of the thyroid gland

Goiter

56

Exophthalmos is a symptom of which endocrine disorder

Graves' disease

57

Description of tetany

Constant muscle contraction

58

Natr/o is the combing form for which substance

Sodium

59

Characteristic of type 1 diabetes mellitus

Little or no insulin produced

60

What is associated with neuropathy, nephropathy, and retinopathy

Secondary complication of diabetes mellitus

61

Description of achondroplasia

Defective cartilage formation that affects bone growth

62

Description of a thyroid scan

Administration of radioactive compound and visualization with a scanner to detect tumors or nodules

63

Removal of a gland behind the thyroid gland

Parathyroidectomy

64

A hormone that stimulates the thyroid gland

Thyrotropic hormone

65

Removal of one of the glands above the kidney

Adrenolectomy

66

Condition of decreased secretion of the master gland

Hypopituitarism

67

Inflammation of the thyroid gland

Thyroiditis

68

Resection of an endocrine gland below the stomach

Pancreatectomy

69

Removal of a gland

Adenectomy

70

Disease of the endocrine glands above the kidney

Adenopathy

71

Deficiency of the sex glands

Hypogonadism

72

Any hormone that stimulates the sex glands

Gonadotropin

73

High levels of sugar in the blood

Hyperglycemia

74

Excessive thirst

Polydipsia

75

Low levels of calcium in the blood

Hypocalcemia

76

A hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex

Corticosteroid

77

Pertaining to sugar in the blood

Glycemic

78

High levels of calcium in the urine

Hypercalciuria

79

Male hormone

Androgen

80

Pertaining to producing female characteristics

Estrogenic

81

High levels of calcium in the blood

Hypercalcemia

82

Animal starch

Glycogen

83

Removal of the pituitary gland

Hypophysectomy

84

A hormone that produces rapid labor and delivery

Oxytocin

85

Low levels of sodium in the blood

Hyponatremia

86

Hormone that stimulates milk secretion

Prolactin

87

Hormone that causes the retention of fluid to regulate blood pressure

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

88

Abnormal condition of mucus-like material under the skin

Myxedema

89

Abnormal condition of over secretion from the thyroid gland

Thyrotoxicosis

90

Low levels of potassium in the blood

Hypokalemia

91

Growth hormone

Somatotropin

92

Many hormones are examples of this solid, ring shaped molecule

Steroid

93

Decrease of all hormones secreted by the pituitary gland

Glycosuria

94

Condition of sugar in urine

Glycosuria

95

Low levels of sugar in the blood

Hypoglycemia

96

High levels of potassium in the blood

Hyperkalemia

97

Thyroid gland hormone (T4)

Tetraiodothyronine

98

Hormone secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate the adrenal cortex

Adenocorticotropin

99

Normal thyroid function

Euthyroid

100

Deficient secretion of insulin by the pancreas

Hypoinsulinism

101

Hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla

Epinephrine

102

Hormone secreted by the pancreas to increase blood sugar levels

Glucagon

103

Cancer of the thyroid gland (papillary and folicular are types)

Thyroid carcinoma

104

Advanced hypothyroidism in adulthood

Myxedema

105

Deficient production of parathyroid hormone

Hypoparathyroidism

106

Excessive secretion of adrenal gland androgens

Adrenal virilism

107

Hypo-functioning of the adrenal cortex

Addison disease

108

Excessive production of parathormone

Hyperparathyroidism

109

Extreme hypothyroidism during infancy and childhood

Cretinism

110

Over activity of the thyroid gland (thyrotoxicosis)

Hyperthyroidism

111

Group of signs and symptoms procduced by excess cortisol from the adrenal cortex

Cushing syndrome

112

Benign tumor of the adrenal medulla

Pheochromocytoma

113

Insufficient secretion of antidiuretic hormone

Diabetes inspidus

114

Congenital hypo-secretion of growth hormone

Dwarfism

115

Hyper secretion of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary beginning before puberty

Gigantism

116

Hyper secretion of the anterior pituitary beginning after puberty

Acromegaly

117

Deficiency of all hormones

Panhypopituitarism

118

Excess secretion of antidiuretic hormone

Syndrome of inappropriate ADH

119

Excess secretion of insulin leads to hypoglycemia

Hyperinsulinism

120

Lack of insulin secretion or resistance of insulin to promote sugar, starch and fat (carbohydrate) metabolism in cells

Diabetes mellitus