Flashcards in Chapter 18 Loss Control Deck (38):
If not careful, fire suppression can cause more damage then what?
The initial fire.
Activities performed before, during, and after a fire has been extingushed to minimize loss to property.
Consist of operations associated with firefighting that aid in the reducing of primary and secondary damage.
Operations that involve searching and extinguishing hidden or remaining fire after the main body of fire is extinigushed.
Loss control concerns to address in pre-incident plans include what?
Access. Evacuation. Location of vital records and how to protect them. When and how fire suppression systems should be supported. How to protect building contents from smoke and water.
Special pre-incident plans should be developed for what?
Businesses with high value contents.
The most import aspect of fire dept loss control.
How many salvage covers or needed per room on average if all contents are grouped together?
If salvage covers are limited it is a good idea to make what out of them? So that water can be directed to the floor.
Chutes and catchalls.
Name five ways that large quantities of water can be removed.
Locate and clean clogged drains. Remove toilet fixtures. Create Scuppers (hole in wall to exterior), Use existing sanitary piping system. Create chutes to route water to other areas.
Name two materials salvage covers are made from.
Vinyl and canvas.
How is a canvas salvage cover cleaned?
Water it down and scrub with a broom. If needed use a detergent and rinse off. Should be completely dry prior to folding and storing.
Can synthetic salvage covers be folded when wet?
Yes, but it is best to let them dry so they do not mildew.
Name some typical tools and equipment used in salvage operations.
Electrical, mechanical, plumbing, and general carpentry tools. Mops, squeegees, and buckets.
Pumps used to remove water from basements, elevator shafts, and sumps.
Use in removing water quickly from area that are not deep enough for a pump. Back pack models carry 4-5 gallons. Roller models carry up to 20 gallons.
Designed to be driven into walls or wooden framing to provide a strong point from which to hang objects.
Same use as J hooks but need a horizontal ledge to sit on.
A salvage cover rolled for a one firefighter spread may be carried how?
On the shoulder or under the arm.
A salvage cover folded for a one firefighter spread is carried how?
On the shoulder is most convenient, but and safe method is acceptable.
How should a two firefighter folded salvage cover be carried?
On the shoulder with the open edge facing the neck.
What is the most effective way to deploy a two fire fighter salvage cover?
One of the most practical ways of removing water that come through the ceiling from upper floors.
How much water can a properly constructed catchall hold?
Several hundred gallons.
What should be developed as soon as a catchall is constructed?
A plan to remove the water.
A opening in a floor should be made of what?
Lumber or thick plywood that will support a persons weight.
Name the four activities that are included in overhaul.
Search for and extinguish hidden or remaining fire. Place building and contents in safe condition. Determine fire cause. Recognize and preserve arson evidence.
Who should authorize the beginning of overhaul?
The IC and investigator.
During overhaul if a potential hazardous area is identified it should be what?
Marked and barricaded.
If resources allow, firefighters who were not involved in rescue or fire control should do what?
What four things can be used to detect hidden fires?
Sight. Touch. Sounds. Electrical Sensors.
Where does overhaul typically begin.
In the area with the most fire involvement.
If opening must be made in a structure, how should they be made?
In a neat and planned manner that reduces the amount of repair work.
Some plaster ceilings have wire mesh. When removing this what should be remembered.
It may come down in larger pieces.
When pulling ceiling where should you be positioned and what should you be wearing?
Positioned between what your pulling and a door for exit. Wearing full PPE.
Standard on Thermal Imagers for the Fire Service.
TI's may not provided quality images of items behind what?
Reflective materials. (metal, mirrors, glass)