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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (25):
0

What two things did Marco Polo do for a living?

He was an explorer and author

1

What invention helped the book Travels become published all over Europe?

Movable type printing press

2

What two things did the Portuguese trade for in West Africa?

Gold and slaves

3

Why did the Portuguese most want to explore the world?

So they can find new trade routes to west Africa

4

Where was the Gold Coast?

West Africa

5

What explorer completed the eastern sea route to Asia around Africa?

Vasco de Gama

6

What were the three ships that Columbus sailed with?

Nina, Pinta, Santa Maria

7

What country’s flag was high on the ship of Columbus on his voyage?

Spain

8

What European group landed in North America long before Columbus?

Vikings

9

What treaty allowed Spain to have first right to claim North and South America?

Treaty of Tordesillas

10

Where does the term "America" comes from?

Amerigo Vespucci

11

Whose crew was the first to circumnavigate the world?

Ferdinand Magellan

12

Who was the first Spaniard to reach the mainlands of North America?

Juan Ponce de Leon

13

Juan Ponce de Leon searched for Gold and what...?

Fountain of youth

14

What empire did Hernan Cortes destroy?

Aztec

15

Why did many Native Americans die after the European arrival?

They brought diseases with them

16

How far west did Hernando de Soto reach?

Modern day Oklahoma

17

What was the encomienda?

Right to demand taxes or labor from Native Americans

18

Who thought the treatment of Native Americans by the Spanish was cruel?

Bartolome de las Cartas

19

What was the religious and historical movement when the Christian church split into
Catholic and Protestant groups?

Protestant Reformation

20

What was the Columbian Exchange?

Exchange of plants, animals, and diseases that changed lives forever

21

What countries looked for a Northwest Passage to Asia?

England, France, and Netherlands

22

Quebec was established by which nation?

France

23

Who wanted to establish a fishing and fur trade in the Americas?

France

24

The age of exploration and discovery in Europe was called the...?

Renaissance