Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (25):
What two things did Marco Polo do for a living?
He was an explorer and author
What invention helped the book Travels become published all over Europe?
Movable type printing press
What two things did the Portuguese trade for in West Africa?
Gold and slaves
Why did the Portuguese most want to explore the world?
So they can find new trade routes to west Africa
Where was the Gold Coast?
What explorer completed the eastern sea route to Asia around Africa?
Vasco de Gama
What were the three ships that Columbus sailed with?
Nina, Pinta, Santa Maria
What country’s flag was high on the ship of Columbus on his voyage?
What European group landed in North America long before Columbus?
What treaty allowed Spain to have first right to claim North and South America?
Treaty of Tordesillas
Where does the term "America" comes from?
Whose crew was the first to circumnavigate the world?
Who was the first Spaniard to reach the mainlands of North America?
Juan Ponce de Leon
Juan Ponce de Leon searched for Gold and what...?
Fountain of youth
What empire did Hernan Cortes destroy?
Why did many Native Americans die after the European arrival?
They brought diseases with them
How far west did Hernando de Soto reach?
Modern day Oklahoma
What was the encomienda?
Right to demand taxes or labor from Native Americans
Who thought the treatment of Native Americans by the Spanish was cruel?
Bartolome de las Cartas
What was the religious and historical movement when the Christian church split into
Catholic and Protestant groups?
What was the Columbian Exchange?
Exchange of plants, animals, and diseases that changed lives forever
What countries looked for a Northwest Passage to Asia?
England, France, and Netherlands
Quebec was established by which nation?
Who wanted to establish a fishing and fur trade in the Americas?