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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (43):
0

What was the first English settlement in America?

Roanoke

1

Who established Roanoke?

Sir Walter Raleigh

2

What was the word left behind on Roanoke Island that John White saw when he returned?

"Croatoan"

3

What are documents that gave rights to establish settlements from King James I?

Charters

4

What is a joint-stock company?

Investors buy stock to help set settlement up and once profits are reached, the investors get a percentage

5

What was the settlement established by the Virginia Company?

Jamestown

6

Who was the first governor of the Jamestown settlement?

Captain John Smith

7

What crop saved Jamestown?

Tobacco

8

Who married the daughter of Chief Powhatan, Pocahontas?

John Rolfe

9

What was the legislative assembly of Jamestown?

House of Burgesses

10

What was the official Church of England after the Protestant Reformation?

Anglican Church

11

Who were the Protestants who wanted to reform the Anglican Church?

Puritans

12

Who were the Protestants who wanted to leave and set up their own churches?

Separatists

13

Who were the separatists who came to the colonies for religious freedom?

Pilgrims

14

What was the name of the ship the Pilgrims came to America on?

Mayflower

15

What percentage of Pilgrims passed away after their first winter?

50%

16

Who were the two people showed the Pilgrims how to grow crops and where to hunt and fish?

Squanto and Samoset

17

What Native American group participated in the First Thanksgiving?

Wampanoag tribe

18

What was the Puritan society that was based on the Bible?

Massachusetts Bay Colony

19

What was the Great Migration?

During 1630s over 1500 Puritans went to Massachusetts to escape persecution and economic struggles in England

20

What city and colony did Thomas Hooker establish?

Hartford, Connecticut

21

What was special about the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut?

1st written constitution in America

22

What was the Native American name for King Phillip?

Metacomet

23

What was the name of the Dutch Colony in North America?

New Netherlands

24

What was the main settlement of the Dutch colony?

New Amsterdam

25

What was the name of the landowners who received grants to increase New Netherland's population?

Patroons

26

After the British take over this Dutch colony what was its name changed to?

New York

27

What was the name of the colony founded by William Penn?

Pennsylvania

28

What religious belief did William Penn follow that was known to be tolerant of other people’s views?

Quaker

29

What is a pacifist?

People who refuse to fight in wars or use force

30

What was the economy of the Southern Colonies driven by?

Plantations

31

What were indentured servants?

Laborer under contract to an explorer in exchange for their transportation, food, and lodging

32

What colony was founded by George Calvert?

Maryland

33

What law granted Maryland residents the right to worship freely?

Act of Toleration

34

What is the cultural boundary between the Northern and Southern Colonies?

Mason-Dixon Line

35

Who led a rebellion and was called “the greatest rebel that ever was in Virginia”?

Nathaniel Bacon

36

What were the two main crops mentioned about North Carolina?

Tobacco and timber

37

What were the two main crops mentioned about South Carolina?

Rice and indigo

38

What was the colony founded in New France?

Louisiana

39

Who were settlers that paid their landlord an annual rent & worked a fixed number of days each year?

Tenant farmer

40

Which country had the best relations with the Native Americans at this time?

France

41

What three types of people did the Spanish send to settle New Mexico?

Soldiers, settlers, and missionaries

42

What were missions?

Religious settlements to convert Native Americans to Catholicism