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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (25):

What is an advantage and disadvantage for when they analyse you food intake for within the last 24 hours?

Advantage: Easy for client, not much work
Disadvantage: may not be accurate


What is the adv./disadv. of doing a food intake analysis within the last 3-5 days?

Advantage: Doesn't have to do it from memory (you write it in a log)
Disadvantage: a lot of work, clients may change eating habits because of recording


What is the adv./disadv. of going a food frequency questionnaire?

Advantage: Easy/quick to complete
Disadvantage: May not include all foods eaten and some clients have a hard time figuring out where they fit in the range (1x per week, 3-5, etc


What does DRI stand for? Explain

Dietary Reference Intake-a set of 5 lists of nutrient intake values for healthy people in canada and USA. They are used for planning and assessing diets


What does RDA stand for? Explain

Recommended Dietary Allowances- nutrient intake goals for individuals , the average daily nutrient intake level that meets the needs of nearly all healthy people in a particular life stage and gender group


What does AI stand for? Explain

Adequate Intakes: Nutrient intake goals for individuals. the recommended average daily nutrient intake level based on intakes for healthy people in a particular life stage and gender group and assumed to be adequate


What does UL stand for? Explain

Tolerable Upper Intake Levels: the highest average daily nutrient intake level that is likely to pose no risk of toxicity to almost all healthy individuals of a particular life stage and gender group.


What does EAR stand for? Explain

Estimated Average Requirements: the average daily nutrient intake estimated to meet the requirement of half of the healthy individuals in a particular stage of life and gender


What does AMDR stand for? Explain

Values for carbs, fat and protein expressed as percentages of total daily caloric intake.


For each nutrient the DRI has set _______, each serving a different purpose.



What are the goals of the DRI?

1. Set intake goals for individuals
2. Facilitating nutrition policy and research
3. Establishing safety guidelines
4. Preventing chronic disease


How many percent of you daily calories should be carbs, protein and fat?

Carbs: 45-65%
Fat: 20-35%
Protein: 10-35%


What is the DRI for?

Designed of healthy maintenance and disease prevention in healthy people


What is the dietary reference intake (DRI) based on?

available scientific research


What factors are considered when producing the Dietary Reference Intake?

Body Mass Index, reference to weight and height, age, time (average consumption


What factors are not considered in the Dietary Reference Intake?

- Activity: whether you're an athlete or inactive
- Diet: vegan, vegetarian
- Geographical area: amount of vitamins you get from sun,etc
-Lifestyle: smoking, alcohol


The DRI RDA reaches how many % of people's nutritional needs?



If a person has less than the DRI for one nutrient, what does this mean?

They do not have a deficiency but a greater chance of developing one (consuming less than the recommendations indicates risk


What is the goal of Canada's Food Guide?

defines and promotes healthy eating for Canadians


By following Canada's Food Guide, what does this do for Canadians?

If they meet the requirements, it can reduce the risk of obesity and chronic diseases


What are the 8 key nutrients in veggies and fruits?

CHO, fibre, folate, Vit B6, Vit C, Vit A, magnesium and potassium


What is an example of 1 serving of fruits/veggies?

1 medium fruit/veggie, 1/2 cup frozen/canned/fresh, 1 cup raw leafy green, 1/4 cup dried fruit, 1/2 juice


What are the 10 key nutrients of grain?

CHO, Fibre, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, folate, iron, zinc, magnesium and potassium


What is an example of 1 serving of grains?

1 slice of bread, 1/2 bagel/torilla/pita, 1/2 rice/pasta, 30 g cereal/crackers


What are the key nutrients in milk and alternatives?

PRO, fat, CHO, riboflavin, B12, Vit A, Vit D, calcium, zinc, magnesium and potassium