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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (68):
1

Leadership has been called?

Trait
Behavior
Skill
Talent
Characteristic
Art

2

What is directing, overseeing, or controlling the activities of other individuals most closely related to?

Supervising

3

Control of a project, program, situation, or organization is considered?

Managing

4

The act of controlling, directing, conducting, guiding, and administering through the use of personal behavioral traits or personality characteristics that motivate employees to the successful completion of an organizations goals

Leading

5

Supervisory Ability

Applying the four functions of management to accomplish the objectives through the efforts of others

6

What are the four functions of management?

Planning
Organizing
Directing
Controlling

7

Decisiveness

Solving problems and making informed decisions

8

Intelligence

Using common sense, logic, and reason in making decisions

9

Self-assurance

Demonstrating self-confidence and self-esteem when making decisions

10

Initiative

Accomplishing goals and objectives with a minimum of supervision

11

The desire for professional success

Gaining additional responsibility within the organization through hard work

12

Integrity

Applying consistently a set of morals or values to the decision-making process and doing the right thing

13

Personal Security

Knowing that the leader is secure in the position and does not feel threatened by subordinates, peers, or the political environment

14

Sense of Priority

Determining what must be accomplished first and maintaining focus on the outcome

15

Vision

Having a dream or concept of the way things can or should be

16

Industriousness

Accomplishing seemingly insurmountable tasks

17

Interpersonal skills

Communicating ideas and getting along with others

18

Empowerment

Sharing authority and responsibility with other members of the organization

19

Innovation and Creativity

Seeking continuously new and imaginative methods for accomplishing the mission of the organization

20

Consistency

Applying procedures, policies, rewards, and discipline evenly and fairly over time

21

Preparedness

Always being prepared for any potential situation and having contingency plans in place to resolve it

22

Living in the future

Anticipating change and meeting it in a proactive manner

23

Basic leadership style consists of?

Autocratic, Democratic and Laissez-Faire categories

24

Two-dimensional leadership consists of?

Job-centered and employee-centered models

25

Contingency leadership theory is?

A belief that no single best style exists

26

Contemporary leadership consists of which theories?

Charismatic, Transformational, Transactional and Symbolic

27

This theory is the belief that the average worker is inherently lazy and dislikes work

Theory X

28

This theory is the belief that the average worker believes working is as natural as play or rest

Theory Y

29

This theory is the belief that involved workers can perform without supervision

Theory Z

30

What is the key to successfully applying the different theories to real situations?

Remember that each theory or style is valid in the right situation within the variables of the situation

31

The leader tells subordinates what to do and how to do it with little or no input from them

Autocratic Leadership

32

The leader includes employees in the decision-making process and allows them to work with the least amount of supervision necessary

Democratic Leadership

33

The leader leaves employees to make all the decisions and does not supervise them at all

Laissez-faire Leadership

34

A four quadrant chart that compares the degree of job structure to the degree of employee consideration

Two-Dimensional Leadership

35

Contemporary Leadership Styles include:

Charismatic
Transformational
Transactional
Symbolic

36

This leadership theory inspires follower loyalty and creates an enthusiastic vision that others work to attain

Charismatic

37

Which theory depends on continuous learning, innovation, and change within the organization. This leader works to involve followers in the change process, challenge them to attain their full potential, and create follower satisfaction and growth while still meeting organizational goals.

Transformational

38

Which theory involves an exchange between a leader and followers in which followers perform tasks effectively in exchange for rewards provided by the leader?

Transactional

39

This theory is based on a strong organizational culture that holds common values and beliefs

Symbolic

40

TQM

Total Quality Management

41

This theory is based on employees' perceptions of the unit's goals and objectives

Path-Goal Theory

42

This leader gives specific guidance to subordinates

Directive Leader

43

This leader shows concern for subordinates

Supportive Leader

44

This leader asks for suggestions from subordinates

Participative

45

This leader establishes high goals and expects high performance from subordinates

Achievement-oriented

46

This theory of leadership focuses on the use of basic values or principles to lead an organization.

Principled-Centered Leadership

47

A highly capable individual who makes productive contributions through talent, knowledge, skills, and good work habits

Level 1

48

A contributing team member who contributes individual capabilities to the achievement of group objectives and works effectively with others in a group setting

Level 2

49

A competent manager who organizes people and resources toward the effective and efficient pursuit of predetermined objectives

Level 3

50

Effective leader who catalyzes commitment to and vigorous pursuit of a clear and compelling vision, stimulating higher performance standards

Level 4

51

An executive leader who builds enduring greatness through a paradoxical blend of personal humility and professional willpower

Level 5

52

Which level of leadership has characteristics that others do not?

Level 5

53

What distinguishes a model of from a theory?

A model has been proven through application, while theories contain only hypotheses that still need to be proven or disproven

54

Which leader is concerned with getting work accomplished while considering the welfare and happiness of members of the unit?

Balanced leader

55

Which leadership model depends on matching the leaders' styles to the maturity of the members of the unit?

Situational Leadership Model

56

What are the four levels of readiness?

Telling
Selling
Participating
Delegating

57

Which leadership model is a value-based model of leadership that places service at the core for social change?

Social Change Model

58

Which leadership model is based on the concept that the leader involves followers in the process of accomplishing a goal within the limits of the system?

Alpha Leadership Model

59

Ways an officer may improve?

Courses
Seminars/Workshops
Literature
Counselors/Mentors

60

The possession of control, authority, or influence over others is the definition of what?

Power

61

What are the 5 types of power?

Reward
Coercive
Identification
Expert
Legitimate

62

Getting a raise or bonus or being promoted to a more responsible job is an example of which type of power?

Reward

63

Verbal or written reprimand for substandard work performance is an example of which type of power?

Coercive

64

This form of power is derived from someone's desire to identify with and emulate another

Identification

65

This form of power is based on one person's perception that another's knowledge and expertise can help in the first person's endeavors

Expert

66

This form of power is derived because of the organizational structure of the department/organization

Legitimate

67

___________________ is the complex ability to identify the components of a situation, assess the need for action, determine the nature of the necessary intervention, and initiate the action and also to be perceived as having the ability necessary to take this action.

Command Presence

68

What are the 6 traits of Command Presence?

Self-Confidence
Trustworthiness
Consistency
Responsibility
Acceptance
Expertise