Chapter 2 Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Test Deck (55):
1

When was the Medieval Music Era

450-1450

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Gregorian Chant

unaccompanied melody set to sacred Latin texts official music of the Roman Catholic church

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Cantus firmus

chant melody

4

Troubadour

French medieval poet-musicans singing courtly love songs

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Jongleurs

wandering musicians/ acrobats

6

Motet

polyphonic vocal work with two or more independent voices

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Polyphonic

multiple voices

8

Lute

like guitar with bowl-shaped body

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Sackbut

early trombone

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Portative Organ

small, portable organ played by one person

11

Clavichord

small, table-top keyboard-ancestor to harpsichord and piano

12

Medieval Composers to know

Hildegard of Bingen, Guillaume de Machaut, Francesco Landini

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Renaissance Music Era

1450-1600

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A capella

vocal work without instrumental accompaniment

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Mass

polyphonic choral composition made up of 5 sections for use in CATHOLIC worhsip

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Hymn

polyphonic, strophic settings of RELIGIOUS tests

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Strophic

each verse of text repeats the same musical material

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Stanza

the verses of a hymn

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Refrain

the repeated chorus of a hymn

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Madrigal

polyphonic a capella vocal piece using SECULAR text with multiple stanzas

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Renaissance Composers to know

Giovanni Pierluigi Palestrina, Thomas Weelkes, Giovanni Gabrieli

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2 Italian Renaissance Composers

Giovanni Pierluigi Palestrina, Giovanni Gabrieli

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English Renaissance Composer

Thomas Weelkes

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Baroque Music Era

1600-1750

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Homophonic

all voices singing same text at same time

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Pipe organ

multiple levels of keys with tone produced by air passing through pipes

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Harpsichord

piano-like instrument with sound produced by strings plucked by quills

28

Tone painting

music vividly mirroring the words of a song

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Virtuosity

display of technical skills on any instrument

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Improvisation

spontaneous invention of music while performing

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Opera

drama with continuous music, staged with scenery, costumes, and action

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Single most important musical achievement of Baroque Era

OPERA

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Recitative

vocal singing in an opera that mimics speaking

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Aria

lyrical monologue in an opera or other large choral work

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Concerto Grosso

instrumental work that exploits the contrast between a small ensemble of solo instruments and a larger ensemble

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Counterpoint

combination of 2 or more simultaneous melodies according to a set of rules

37

Cantata

narrative or descriptive musical work with vocal solos, duets, chorus and orchestra

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Passion

musical setting depicting the final days of Christ's life

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Oratorio

dramatic musical work combining narrative, dialogue, and commentary through arias, recitatives, ensembles, choruses and instrumental music (unstaged opera)

40

Baroque Composers to know

Claudio Monteverdi
Henry Purcell
Antonio Vivaldi
Johann Sebastian Bach

41

Italian Baroque composer

Antonio Vivaldi
Claudio Monteverdi

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German Baroque composer

Johann Sebastian Bach

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English Baroque composer

Henry Purcell

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Classical Music Era

1750-1830

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Symphony

large work for orchestra, usually in 4 movements

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Concerto

multi-movement work with soloist contrasting with larger orchestral group (piano most common in this period)

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Chamber Music

work for small instrumental group to be performed in a space smaller than a concert hall

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String Quartet

chamber group consisting of 2 violins, viola, cello

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Opera Buffa

comic opera

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Singspiel

German opera with spoken dialogue interspersed with songs, choruses, and instrumental music

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Requiem Mass

mass for the dead

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Sturm und Drang

"storm and stress"- extremes in emotion given free expression by composers, including Beethoven

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Sonata

multi-movement "symphony" for a solo instrument

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Opus

Latin for "work"- used to identify a work based on chronological dating

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Classical Composers to know

Franz Joseph Haydn
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Ludwig van Beethoven