Chapter 3 Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Test Deck (45):
1

Italian term meaning “singing style”

Cantabile

2

short lyrical composition for vocal solo based on poetic text

Vocal Art Song

3

German for “song(s)”

Lied(er)

4

instrumental equivalent to vocal art song
Primarily used in piano music

Character piece

5

"Golden age of the Piano"

Romantic Period

6

(Elf King) – famous vocal art song by Franz Schubert

Die Erlkonig

7

instrumental piece that develops a particular technical skill

Etude

8

the expression of a composer’s national identity through musical composition
ex. – Chopin’s Polish Mazurkas and Polonaises for piano

Musical Nationalism

9

instrumental music with literary or pictorial associations ex. – Berlioz Symphonie fantastique

Program Music

10

realism in opera – everyday people in familiar life situations ex. – Puccini’s opera La Boheme

Verismo Style

11

merging of heightened drama and music into one expression ex. – Wagner’s Die Walkure

Music Drama

12

Vocal Art Song

Franz Schubert

13

Piano Character Piece

Robert Schumann

14

"Poet of the Piano"

Frederic Chopin

15

Program Music

Hector Berlioz

16

Virtuosic Etudes

Franz Liszt

17

Ballet Music

Peter Tchaikovsky

18

Verismo Opera

Giacomo Puccini

19

Music Drama (Opera)

Richard Wagner

20

most important contribution of 19th century France Transition to modern period Suggestion rather than realism

Impressionism

21

leading impressionistic composer
Prelude to an Afternoon of a Faun (orchestra)
Claire de lune (piano)

Debussy

22

No subjective or grand
No emotional expressionism
No romantic landscapes
No imaginative ideas about mankind or fate
No lyrical melody

Impressionism is a reaction against romanticism

23

deliberate representation of the crude and uncultured

Primitivism

24

representation of Asian and Polynesian music influences

Exoticism

25

art movement associated with distorted images Focuses on intense impact, but with themes of the strange, macabre, grotesque, unconscious realm

Expressionism

26

Arnold Schoenberg
Bela Bartok
Igor Stravinsky – Rite of Spring ballet
Sergei Prokofiev

Modern Composers to Know

27

3 types of plays

Tragedy
Comedy
Melodrama

28

Statement about human frailty & failing

Tragedy

29

light or amusing subjects/ or serious and profound subjects in a light, familiar, or satirical manner

Comedy

30

6 types of comedy

1. satirical – ridicule
2. character – individual ridicule
3. manners – ridicule of social conventions
4. ideas – ridicule of conventional thinking
5. romantic – traces from trouble to triumph in love
6. intruigue – intricate plot of reversals with artificial, contrived situations

31

exaggerated plot and characters to appeal to the emotions

Melodrama

32

Main Characters Include:

1. hero – fearless
2. heroine – love of hero, needs saving
3. villain – likes heroine
4. villain sidekick – comedic, gets in way of villain

33

Author of Play

Playwright

34

Playwright's document

script

35

Contains dialogue and action used by actors

Playwrights document

36

Story of the play

Plot

37

Progression of thought & action in a play

Story of the play

38

the psychological motivation of the people acting in a play most plays include both major and minor characters

Character

39

the central personality who determines the action of the play the main character

Protagonist

40

Seating on all 4 sides or all around the stage

Arena Theatre

41

Seating on 3 sides- stage thrusts out into audience

Thrust Theatre

42

Seating facing a box stage

Proscenium Theatre

43

Creation of theatrical stage scenery

Scenic design

44

Creation of apparel for an actor or performer

Costume design

45

Creation of lighting, atmosphere, & time of day for a play in response to the text

Lighting Design