Chapter 4 Test Flashcards Preview

Appreciation of Fine Arts > Chapter 4 Test > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 4 Test Deck (72):
1

Name of the color (green, blue, red, etc.)

Hue

2

Lightness or darkness of a hue

Value

3

Brightness or dullness of a hue

Intensity

4

Different values of a single hue

Monochromatic Color Scheme

5

Complimentary colors used

Analogous Color Scheme

6

Hues that appear side by side on a color wheel

Complimentary Colors

7

Red Yellows Oranges

Warm Color Scheme

8

Blues Greens Violets

Cool Color Scheme

9

What the eye sees when light is reflected off an object

Color

10

The path of a moving point through space

Line

11

Rest (line)

Horizontal

12

Dignity, Formality, Strength

Vertical

13

Action, Excitement

Diagonal/Slanting

14

Confusion, Action

ZigZag

15

Graceful, Flowing Movement

Curved

16

An area clearly set off by one or more of the other elements of art

Shape

17

Square Circle Triangle Rectangle

Geometric

18

Free Form (clouds, pebbles, water)

Organic

19

An object with three dimensions: length, width, depth

Form

20

Distance between, around, above, below, and within things

Space

21

Includes the actual shapes and forms

Positive Space

22

Empty space between the shapes and forms

Negative Space

23

The way things feel or look as though they might feel, if touched

Texture

24

Arranging elements so no one part of a work overpowers, or seems heavier than any other part

Balance

25

Symmetrical-2 halves are mirror images

Formal Balance

26

Asymmetrical – combination of unequal elements

Informal Balance

27

Objects positioned around a central point

Radial Balance

28

Making an element stand out

Emphasis

29

How one part relates to another and to the whole

Proportion

30

How the size of different objects relate to each other

Size Proportion

31

How different colors relate to each other (Which color in a painting is used in greatest proportion?)

Color Proportion

32

Hand-produced picture transferred from a printing surface to paper

Print

33

cuts away non-image areas and inks the raised surface that remains

Relief Printing

34

ink transferred from grooves cut into a flat surface (opposite of relief printing)

Intaglio

35

image drawn onto a flat surface then transferred to paper (lithograph)

Planographic Process

36

photographer is an interpretive artist; he decides size texture and value contrasts

Art Photography

37

famous American art photographer – known for his landscapes

Ansel Adams

38

photographer seeks to document social problems

Documentary photography

39

American pioneer in documentary photography

Dorothea Lange

40

Pencil, Charcoal, Chalk

Dry Media

41

Pen & Ink

Wet Media

42

Material used to create a work of art

Medium

43

Use of more than one medium in a single work of art

Mixed Media

44

Colored Powder

Pigment

45

Liquid holding together grains of pigment (makes pigments stick to surface

Binder

46

Material used to thin a paint's binder (turpentine, water)

Solvent

47

Most popular
drys slowly to allow artist to blend colors on canvas

oils

48

any color medium that used water as a solvent

water colors

49

mixture of pigment, egg yolk, water-
oldest paint medium

tempura

50

uses synthetic products- does not darken or yellow with age

acrylic

51

color applied to wed plaster
becomes permanent when plaster dries

Fresco

52

art made to stand out in space

sculpture

53

sculpture surrounded on all sides by space – can be viewed from all sides

freestanding

54

sculpture only partly enclosed by space – flat back – viewed from front only

relief

55

relief that projects only a small distance from their
base

Base Relief (low relief)

56

relief that projects by at least half of its depth

Haut relief (high relief)

57

cutting or chiping a form from a mass

carving

58

liquid molten metal or other liquid poured into a mold to harden

casting

59

soft, workable material built up and shaped

modeling

60

combining different kinds of materials

assembling

61

the planning and creating of buildings

architecture

62

horizontal beams laid across vertical supports

Post & Lintel

63

curved structural support

Arch

64

overhanging beam or floor supported at only one end

Cantilever

65

wall supports itself, the floors, and the roof

Bearing Wall

66

Framework that supports the building

Skeleton Frame

67

Metal forms the frame (skyscraper)

Steel Cage Construction

68

Size and relationship of the building to the human form

Scale

69

relationship of individual elements to each other

proportion

70

environment surrounding a work of architecture

context

71

design and flow of space relative to function

space

72

often determines building materials & design

climate