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Flashcards in Chapter 23 Deck (9)
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1

What is a pathogen?

A disease causing organism

2

What are the types of pathogens? (5)

Virus
Bacteria
Fungi
Protozoa
Multi-cellular parasites

3

What are methods of transmission?

Direct physical contact
Indirect physical contact
Inhaled air
Faecal oral route
Body fluids
Vector organisms

4

How do you control the spread of pathogens?

Quarantine
Antisepsis
Individual responsibility
Community responsibility

5

What is sporadic?

Occurs in scattered/isolated instances with no connection between them

6

What is an endemic?

Recurs as a regular no of cases in an area

7

What is an epidemic?

Simultaneously affects an usually larger no of people in an area

8

What is a pandemic?

Occurs in a serious of epidemic ps that spreads across whole continents or even the world

9

What is an infectious disease?

One that is capable of being transmitted from one person to another by direct or indirect contact