Chapter 23 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 23 Deck (27):
1

July 10, 1925, the ______ trial began in Dayton, Tennessee. High school teacher John Thomas ____ was charged with violating Tennessee's law against teaching evolution instead of the divine creation of man.

The Scopes Trial

2

an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film.

Charlie Chaplin

3

an American actress who rose to stardom in silent film during the 1920s and successfully made the transition to "talkies" after 1927. ("It Girl")

Clara Bow

4

an Italian actor in America who starred in several well-known silent films including The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, The Sheik, Blood and Sand, The Eagle, and The Son of the Sheik.

Rudolph Valentino

5

It marked the ascendancy of “talkies” and the end of the silent-film era.

The Jazz Singer

6

a generation of young Western women in the 1920s who wore short skirts, bobbed their hair, listened to jazz, and flaunted their disdain for what was then considered acceptable behavior.

The Age of the Flapper

7

an American aviation pioneer and author. She was the first female aviator to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. She received the United States Distinguished Flying Cross for this accomplishment.

Amelia Earhart

8

an American aviator, military officer, author, inventor, explorer, and environmental activist. At age 25 in 1927, he went from obscurity as a U.S. Air Mail pilot to instantaneous world fame by winning the Orteig Prize: making a nonstop flight from Roosevelt Field, Long Island, New York, to Paris, France.

Charles Lindbergh

9

nicknamed Satchmo, Satch, and Pops, was an American trumpeter, composer, singer and occasional actor who was one of the most influential figures in jazz

Louis Armstrong

10

an American composer, pianist, and bandleader of a jazz orchestra, which he led from 1923 until his death in a career spanning over fifty years.

Duke Ellington

11

an American ragtime and early jazz pianist, bandleader and composer who started his career in New Orleans, Louisiana.

“Jelly Roll” Morton

12

an American blues singer. Nicknamed the Empress of the Blues, she was the most popular female blues singer of the 1920s and 1930s.

Bessie Smith

13

an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst

Sigmund Freud

14

an American fiction writer, whose works illustrate the Jazz Age. While he achieved limited success in his lifetime, he is now widely regarded as one of the greatest American writers of the 20th century. Wrote "The Great Gatsby"

F. Scott Fitzgerald

15

an intellectual, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem, New York, spanning the 1920s. During the time, it was known as the "New Negro Movement", named after the 1925 anthology by Alain Locke.

Harlem Renaissance

16

an American poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, and columnist from Joplin, Missouri. He was one of the earliest innovators of the then-new literary art form called jazz poetry.

Langston Hughes

17

an influential author of African-American literature and anthropologist, who portrayed racial struggles in the early 20th century American South, and published research on Haitian voodoo.

Zora Neale Hurston

18

a proponent of Black nationalism in the United States and most importantly Jamaica.[2] He was a leader of a mass movement called Pan-Africanism and he founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League. Back to Africa Movement

Marcus Garvey

19

also known as the Colonization movement or After slave act, originated in the United States in the 19th century. It encouraged those of African descent to return to the African homelands of their ancestors

Back to Africa Movement

20

determined that the laws of physics are the same for all non-accelerating observers, and he showed that the speed of light within a vacuum is the same no matter the speed at which an observer travels.

Albert Einstein “Theory of Relativity”

21

a narrative mode or method that attempts to depict the multitudinous thoughts and feelings which pass through the mind. The term was introduced by William James in his Principles of Psychology (1890).

Stream of Consciousness

22

an American novelist, poet, playwright, and art collector. She hosted a Paris salon, where the leading figures of modernism in literature and art, such as Pablo Picasso, Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Sinclair Lewis, Ezra Pound, Sherwood Anderson and Henri Matisse, would meet.

Gertrude Stein

23

the generation that came of age during World War I

"The Lost Generation"

24

Established in 1994 and held annually in March on Piers 92 & 94, _________ is an international art fair owned by Vornado Realty Trust.

The Armory Show

25

a nationwide constitutional ban on the production, importation, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages from 1920 to 1933

“Prohibition”

26

an American gangster and businessman who attained notoriety during the Prohibition era as the co-founder and boss of the Chicago Outfit.

Al Capone

27

also called a blind pig or blind tiger, is an illicit establishment that sells alcoholic beverages. Such establishments came into prominence in the United States during the Prohibition era.

Speakeasy