Chapter 25 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 25 Deck (14):
1

a shantytown built by unemployed and destitute people during the Depression of the early 1930s.

"Hooverville"

2

the 43,000 marchers—17,000 U.S. World War I veterans, their families, and affiliated groups—who gathered in Washington, D.C. in the summer of 1932 to demand cash-payment redemption of their service certificates.

"Bonus Army"

3

The election took place against the backdrop of the Great Depression. Incumbent Republican President Herbert Hoover was defeated in a landslide by Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt, the Governor of New York.

1932 Election

4

the U.S. federal government agencies created as part of the New Deal of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. AAA, TVA, CCC, NRA, etc.

"Alphabet Agencies" or "Alphabet Soup"

5

The "_______" and the "______" migration of the 1930s brought in over a million newly displaced people; many headed to the farm labor jobs advertised in California's Central Valley.

1. Dust Bowl
2. Okie

6

an American political figure, diplomat and activist. She served as the First Lady of the United States from March 1933 to April 1945.

Eleanor Roosevelt

7

nine African American teenagers, ages 13 to 20, accused in Alabama of raping two White American women on a train in 1931. The landmark set of legal cases from this incident dealt with racism and the right to a fair trial.

“Scottsboro Boys”

8

“Native Son” author

Richard Wright

9

"The Grapes of Wrath" author

John Steinbeck

10

“The Kingfish”

Huey Long

11

an American physician who was best known for his revolving old-age pension proposal during the Great Depression

Dr. Francis Townsend

12

a controversial Canadian-American Roman Catholic priest based in the United States near Detroit at Royal Oak, Michigan's National Shrine of the Little Flower church.

Father Charles Coughlin

13

The first major legislation that Roosevelt and Congress passed in the ________—in response to the critics—was the Works Progress Administration(WPA). Created in 1935, the WPA was an effort to appease the “Longites” who clamored for more direct assistance from the federal government.

Second New Deal

14

a social insurance program consisting of retirement, disability, and survivors' benefits.

Social Security