Chapter 24 Newborn Nutrition and Feeding VOCAB Flashcards Preview

xxx Term 5: NUR 312 Maternal Child Nursing > Chapter 24 Newborn Nutrition and Feeding VOCAB > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 24 Newborn Nutrition and Feeding VOCAB Deck (11)
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1

Colostrum

Breast fluid secreted during pregnancy and the 1st week after childbirth.

2

Engorgement

Swelling of the breasts resulting from increased blood flow, edema, and the presence of milk.

3

Feeding-readiness cues

Early signs of hunger, such as hand-to-mouth or hand-to-hand movements; sucking motions; rooting reflex—infant moves toward whatever touches the area around the mouth and attempts to suck; mouthing.

4

Growth spurts

Brief periods of a rapid increase in growth rate

5

Lactation consultants

The process of synthesis and secretion of milk from the breasts in the nourishment of an infant or child.

6

Lactogenesis

The maintenance of milk production.

7

Latch

Attachment of the infant to the breast.

8

Mastitis

Inflammation of the breast, usually caused by engorgement with stasis of milk in the ducts or by infection.

9

Milk ejection reflex (MER)

Release of milk from the alveoli into the ducts. Also called the letdown reflex.

10

Plugged milk ducts

A plugged or clogged milk duct, causing an area of the breast to become swollen and tender. This area typically does not empty or soften with feeding or pumping. A small white pearl may be visible on the tip of the nipple; this pearl is the curd of milk blocking the flow. The mother is afebrile and has no generalized symptoms.

11

Tandem nursing

The practice of breastfeeding a newborn and an older child.