Chapter 9 Maternal and Fetal Nutrition VOCAB Flashcards Preview

xxx Term 5: NUR 312 Maternal Child Nursing > Chapter 9 Maternal and Fetal Nutrition VOCAB > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 9 Maternal and Fetal Nutrition VOCAB Deck (15)
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1

Anthropometric (body) measurements

Methods of measuring the human body as to height, weight, and size of component parts, including skinfold thickness, to study and compare the relative proportions under normal and abnormal conditions.

2

Body mass index (BMI)

A method of evaluating the appropriateness of weight for height, calculated by the following formula: BMI = Weight ÷Height2

3

Complete protein foods

Food containing all the essential amino acids.

4

Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs)

A label for several terms that estimate nutrient needs; includes recommended dietary allowance, adequate intake, tolerable upper intake level, and estimated average requirement.

5

Essential amino acids

Amino acids that cannot be synthesized by the body and must be obtained from foods.

6

Heme iron

Iron obtained from meat, poultry, or fish sources; the form most usable by the body.

7

Kilocalories (kcal)

A unit of heat used to show the energy value in foods, commonly called a calorie.

8

Lactose intolerance

Inability to digest most dairy products because of a deficiency in the enzyme lactas

9

Physiologic anemia of pregnancy

Decrease in hemoglobin and hematocrit values caused by dilution of erythrocytes by expanded plasma volume rather than by an actual decrease in erythrocytes or hemoglobin.

10

Pica

The practice of consuming nonfood substances (e.g., clay, dirt, and laundry starch) or excessive amounts of foodstuffs low in nutritional value (e.g., cornstarch, ice or freezer frost, baking powder, or baking soda), is often influenced by the woman's cultural background.

11

Pyrosis

A burning sensation in the epigastric and sternal region due to stomach acid; also known as heartburn or "acid indigestion".

12

Vegan

A complete vegetarian who does not eat any animal products.

13

Vegetarian

An individual whose diet consists wholly or mostly of plant foods and who avoids animal food sources.

14

Lacto-vegetarian

A vegetarian whose diet includes dairy.

15

Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR)

Failure of a fetus to grow as expected for gestational age.