Flashcards in Chapter 26 Exam Deck (78)
when is a TB skin test read?
48-72 hours after test is done on patient
what constitutes a positive TB skin test?
more than 5 mm of induration
what is follow up procedure for a positive TB skin test ?
chest x-ray & exam /culture of sputum
how are syringes callibrated?
why is z-track method of administration used?
administering meds that irritate SC tissue and discolor the skin
why inject air into the vial?
to prevent air bubbles
how do you convert lbs to kilograms?
how do you convert kilograms to lbs?
kg X 2.2
refers to sites located outside the GI tract
medication under the dermis that forms a circle
(6-10mm in diameter)
prevents drug from being destroyed by gastric juices and dissolving before it reaches the intestines
drug contained in a gelatin capsule that is water soluble and prevents the patient from tasting the drug
abnormally raised, hardened area of the skin with clearly defined margins
reddening of the skin caused by dilation of superficial blood vessels in the skin
small sealed glass container that holds a single dose of medicine
medication injected beneath the skin into subcutaneous/fatty tissue
medication injected into dermal layer of the skin
medication injected into muscular layer of the body
middle of the front thigh
side of the thigh
butt (divide buttock in 4 and it is the upper right quadrant)
attaches at the top of femur on greater trochanter
side of your hip
arm muscle (uppermost part of arm @ shoulder)
abbreviation for gram
three times a day
four times a day
two times a day
every 4 hours
one a day
every other day
supplement or suppository
Intradermal syringe that is used
1 mL (Tuberculin)
Needle length of intradermal
3/8 - 5/8 inch
needle gauge of intradermal
25-27 gauge needle
angle for intradermal injection
sites preferred for intradermal injection
forearm, upper back
syringe for intramuscular injection
needle length for intramuscular injection
angle for intramuscular injection
sites preferred for intramuscular injection
deltoid, vastus lateralis, ventrogluteal, z-track
syringe used for SQ injection
what 2 injections are usually given SQ?
needle length for SQ injection?
angle or SQ injection?
sites preferred for SQ injection?
back of humerus, abdomen, upper back
what SQ injection site is preferred for babies?
opening in shaft of needle where medication flows from the syringe and through the lumen
at the end of the needle shaft and is pointed so it can penetrate body tissues easily
slanted part at top of needle that makes a narrow, slitlike opening in the skin
fits on top of the syringe
inserted into the body tissue
holds medication & contains calibrated markings to measure proper medication amount
helps injecting medications and prevents syringe from rolling when it is one a flat surface
diameter of the lumen of a needle used to administer medication
movable cylinder that slides back and forth in barrel. Used to draw meds into syringe and to push medication out
attaches to hub of the needle
part of the syringe that connects to the needle
administration by mouth
Hypodermic syringe sizes
what are hypodermic syringes used for?
insulin syringe common type
U-100 (100 units increments of 2)
what are insulin syringes used for?
administration of insulin injections
capacity of tuberculin syringes....
1 mL (divided into tenths and hundreths)
what is the tuberculin syringe used for?
administering a small dose of medication
closed glass or plastic container with a rubber stopper and must be removed the first time the medication is used
skin & SC tissue pulled to the side before the needle is inserted causing a zigzag path through tissues when needle is removed and skin is released
system across small scale fluid fittings in order to make leak free connections between 2 parts
to allow for the breaking of tablets when dosing prescriptions
pulling back plunger of syringe