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Flashcards in Chapter 26 Exam Deck (78)
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1

when is a TB skin test read?

48-72 hours after test is done on patient

2

what constitutes a positive TB skin test?

more than 5 mm of induration

3

what is follow up procedure for a positive TB skin test ?

chest x-ray & exam /culture of sputum

4

how are syringes callibrated?

mL

5

why is z-track method of administration used?

administering meds that irritate SC tissue and discolor the skin

6

why inject air into the vial?

to prevent air bubbles

7

how do you convert lbs to kilograms?

lbs/2.2

8

how do you convert kilograms to lbs?

kg X 2.2

9

parenteral

refers to sites located outside the GI tract

10

wheal

medication under the dermis that forms a circle
(6-10mm in diameter)

11

enteric coated

prevents drug from being destroyed by gastric juices and dissolving before it reaches the intestines

12

capsules

drug contained in a gelatin capsule that is water soluble and prevents the patient from tasting the drug

13

Induration

abnormally raised, hardened area of the skin with clearly defined margins

14

erythema

reddening of the skin caused by dilation of superficial blood vessels in the skin

15

ampule

small sealed glass container that holds a single dose of medicine

16

subcutaneous injection

medication injected beneath the skin into subcutaneous/fatty tissue

17

intradermal injection

medication injected into dermal layer of the skin

18

intramuscular injection

medication injected into muscular layer of the body

19

rectus femoris

middle of the front thigh

20

vastus lateralis

side of the thigh

21

dorsogluteal

butt (divide buttock in 4 and it is the upper right quadrant)

22

gluteus medius

attaches at the top of femur on greater trochanter

23

ventrogluteal

side of your hip

24

deltoid

arm muscle (uppermost part of arm @ shoulder)

25

cc

cubic centimeter

26

abbreviation for gram

Gm

27

milligram abbreviation

mg

28

tid

three times a day

29

qid

four times a day

30

bid

two times a day

31

prn

as needed

32

po

by mouth

33

q4h

every 4 hours

34

qd

one a day

35

qod

every other day

36

oz

ounce

37

ac

before meals

38

pc

after meals

39

supp

supplement or suppository

40

Intradermal syringe that is used

1 mL (Tuberculin)

41

Needle length of intradermal

3/8 - 5/8 inch

42

needle gauge of intradermal

25-27 gauge needle

43

angle for intradermal injection

10 degrees

44

sites preferred for intradermal injection

forearm, upper back

45

syringe for intramuscular injection

3 mL

46

needle length for intramuscular injection

18-23 gauge

47

angle for intramuscular injection

90 degrees

48

sites preferred for intramuscular injection

deltoid, vastus lateralis, ventrogluteal, z-track

49

syringe used for SQ injection

3mL

50

what 2 injections are usually given SQ?

-MMR
-Varicella

51

needle length for SQ injection?

23-25 gauge

52

angle or SQ injection?

45 degrees

53

sites preferred for SQ injection?

back of humerus, abdomen, upper back

54

what SQ injection site is preferred for babies?

leg

55

lumen

opening in shaft of needle where medication flows from the syringe and through the lumen

56

point

at the end of the needle shaft and is pointed so it can penetrate body tissues easily

57

bevel

slanted part at top of needle that makes a narrow, slitlike opening in the skin

58

hub

fits on top of the syringe

59

shaft

inserted into the body tissue

60

barrel

holds medication & contains calibrated markings to measure proper medication amount

61

flange

helps injecting medications and prevents syringe from rolling when it is one a flat surface

62

gauge

diameter of the lumen of a needle used to administer medication

63

plunger

movable cylinder that slides back and forth in barrel. Used to draw meds into syringe and to push medication out

64

hilt

attaches to hub of the needle

65

tip

part of the syringe that connects to the needle

66

oral

administration by mouth

67

Hypodermic syringe sizes

2-
2.5-
3-
5-

68

what are hypodermic syringes used for?

intramuscular injections

69

insulin syringe common type

U-100 (100 units increments of 2)

70

what are insulin syringes used for?

administration of insulin injections

71

capacity of tuberculin syringes....

1 mL (divided into tenths and hundreths)

72

what is the tuberculin syringe used for?

administering a small dose of medication

73

Vial

closed glass or plastic container with a rubber stopper and must be removed the first time the medication is used

74

Z-track

skin & SC tissue pulled to the side before the needle is inserted causing a zigzag path through tissues when needle is removed and skin is released

75

Luer Lok

system across small scale fluid fittings in order to make leak free connections between 2 parts

76

scored tablets

to allow for the breaking of tablets when dosing prescriptions

77

aspiration

pulling back plunger of syringe

78

epinephrine

for emergency medical treatment to treat life threatening allergic reactions