Flashcards in Chapter 29- Thinking Deck (13):
Mental groupings of similar objects, events, and people.
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
A mental image or best example of a category
A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem
A simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error prone than algorithms
Insight- and what does it contrast with?
A sudden and often novel realization of the solution to the problem; contrasts with strategy-based solutions.
A tendency to search for information that confirms ones preconceptions
Judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent or match particular prototypes; may lead one to ignore other relevant information
Estimating the likelihood of events based on their availability in memory; if instances come readily to mind, we assume they're common
The tendency to be more confident than correct- to overestimate the accuracy of one's beliefs and judgements
Explains how our preexisting beliefs can distort our logic
Tendency to cling to our beliefs in the face of contrary evidence