Chapter 3- Research Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3- Research Deck (9):
1

What is a case study?

An observation in which psychologists study an individual in great depth in order to attempt to reveal things true about all of us

2

What is a survey?

Another research method, one that looks at many cases in less depth (compared to case study)

3

False consensus effect?

The tendency to overestimate others' agreement with us

4

Population (research)

The whole group you want to study

5

Random sample

A sample that fairly represents a population because each member has an equal chance of participating.

6

Naturalistic observation

Observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situations without trying to manipulate and control the situation

7

Correlation?

Correlate: when surveys and naturalistic observations reveal that one trait or behavior accompanies another; the two correlate.
-how well either factor predicts each other

8

What rarely occurs in the real world? (In terms of correlation)

Perfect positive and negative correlations

9

Illusory correlations

A perceived, non existent correlation