Chapter 3 Amount of Substance Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Amount of Substance Deck (31)
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1

What is the Avagadros constant?

6.02 x 10 ^23

2

What is the equation to work out the number of moles given a mass?

Moles = Mass/Mr

3

The RAM in (g) of an element =

6.02 x 10 ^23

4

What is the molar mass?

The mass in grams in each mole of the substance UNIT: g mol -1

5

The RAM or RMM (in g) =

1 mole of a substance = MOLAR MASS

6

A standard solution is a solution of __________

KNOWN CONCENTRATION

7

What is the empirical formula?

the simplest ratio of the atoms of each element in a compound

8

What is the molecular formula?

the actual number of atoms of each element in the compound

9

What is the water of crystallization?

The water in a lattice

10

A solid salt which contains water of crystallization is a?

Hydrated salt

11

A salt that doesn't contain water is a?

Anhydrous salt

12

What is the relative molecular mass?

is the average mass of a molecule compared to 1/12th of the mass of one atom of carbon-12

13

What is the relative formula mass?

Compares the mass of a formula unit with the mass of an atom of carbon-12.

14

What is the water of crystallization experiment?

1) Weigh an empty clean, dry crucible and lid
2) Add 2g of hydrated salt into the weighted crucible
3) Weigh the crucible and the hydrated salt
4) Use a pipe clay traingle, support the crucible containing the hydrated salt on a tripod
5) Heat the crucible and contents gently for 1 minute
6) Then heat it strongly for a further three minutes
7) Leave the crucible to cool. Then weigh the crucible and anhydrous salt.

15

What is the formula to find out the moles in a solution?

n = vol x conc
-----------------
1000

16

What is the molar gas volume?

The volume per mole of gas molecules at a given temperature and pressure

17

How do you convert dm3 to cm3?

x1000

18

What is the ideal gas equation?

pV = nRT

19

IGE rearranged for T

T = pV/nR

20

IGE rearranged for n

n = RT/pV

21

IGE rearranged for V

V = nRT/p

22

IGE rearranged for p

P = nRT/V

23

IGE rearranged for R

R = pV/nT

24

How to convert from cm3 to m3?

x 10^-6

25

How to convert from dm3 to m3?

x 10^-3

26

How to convert *C to K?

+ 273

27

How to convert from kPa to Pa?

x 10^3

28

What is the formula for percentage yield?

Actual yield/ theoretical yield x100

29

What is the limiting reagent?

The reactant that is not in excess will be completely used up first and stop the reaction

30

What is the atom economy?

a measure of how well atoms have been utilised

31

What is the formula for atom economy?

sum of molar mass of desired products/ sum of molar mass of all products