Chapter 3 Dynamic Earth Flashcards Preview

Environmental Science > Chapter 3 Dynamic Earth > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3 Dynamic Earth Deck (20)
Loading flashcards...
1

rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls from clouds

precipitation

2

a single, large, interconnected body of water that covers 70% of Earth's surface

world ocean

3

tiny, liquid droplets found in the atmosphere

aerosols

4

the flow of heat from a warmer object to a colder object when the objects are placed in direct physical contact

conduction

5

vibration caused by slippage along a fault

earthquake

6

the lower thermosphere

ionosphere

7

the process in which liquid water is heated by the sun and then rises into the atmosphere as water vapor

evaporation

8

bottom layer of ocean from base of thermocline to the bottom of the ocean

deep zone

9

Earth's innermost compositional layer

core

10

smaller streams or rivers that flow into larger ones

tributaries

11

This includes all of the water on or near Earth's surface

hydrosphere

12

The deepest point on the ocean floor is in the

Pacific Ocean

13

The physical layers of Earth

crust, mantle, core

14

The energy released by an earthquake occurs in the form of

seismic waves

15

The melted rock that forms a volcano is called

magma

16

Wind and water erosion usually affects

mountains, rocks, soil

17

Where is most of the fresh water on Earth is located

icecaps and glaciers

18

Earth's densest atmospheric layer is

troposphere

19

In equal volumes of ocean water and fresh water, ocean water may be expected to contain more

salts

20

Mechanism of energy transfer through or within Earth's atmosphere include

radiation, conduction, convection