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1

have the highest birth rates

least-developed countries

2

the distribution of ages in a specific population at a certain time

age structure

3

percentage of members of a group who are likely to survive to a given age

survivorship

4

movement of individuals into or out of a population

migration

5

the study of population

demography

6

movement of people into cities from rural areas

urbanization

7

land that can be used to grow crops

arable land

8

average number of years a person is likely to live

life expectancy

9

the basic facilities and services that support a community

infrastructure

10

a model that describes how changes in a population will occur

demographic transition

11

An increase in water-borne diseases could possibly be alleviated by
a. adequate sewage treatment facilities for growing populations.
b. very rapid growth of large cities.
c. sufficient fuel wood.
d. Both (a) and (b)

a. adequate sewage treatment facilities for growing populations.

12

Which of the following is true of human demographic trends?
a. In pre industrial societies, birth rates are low and the
population grows rapidly.
b. When the average number of children born to each woman
falls, the total population always increases.
c. When birth rates and death rates are both high, the population
grows slowly, if at all.
d. Death rates rise in the third stage of the demographic transition.

c. When birth rates and death rates are both high, the population
grows slowly, if at all.

13

Between 1880 and 1930 human population doubled due to
a. the Industrial Revolution.
b. a combination of high birth rates and lowered death rates.
c. improvements in societal infrastructure and services.
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

14

Countries that have entered the third stage of demographic transition are most probably characterized by
a. weak or developing economies.
b. death rates that far exceed birth rates.
c. societal conditions that favor smaller families.
d. populations with a high proportion of young people.

c. societal conditions that favor smaller families.

15

Which of the following is a reason that wood is considered a limited resource in many developing countries?
a. Wood is used in place of money to buy food.
b. Fuel wood allows people to purify their water by boiling it.
c. Excess wood is used to construct shantytowns.
d. People cut down trees faster than they can grow.

d. People cut down trees faster than they can grow.

16

During Stage 2 of a population’s demographic transition, the death rate
a. increases
b. decreases
c. remains the same
d. is zero

b. decreases

17

Since 1970, fertility rates have
a. increased in both more-developed and less-developed
countries.
b. increased in more-developed and decreased in less-
developed countries.
c. decreased in both more-developed and less-developed
countries.
d. decreased in more-developed and increased in less-
developed countries.

c. decreased in both more-developed and less-developed
countries.

18

Which of the following is not a strategy that would reduce population size?
a. limiting education for women
b. public advertising
c. economic incentives
d. legal punishments

a. limiting education for women

19

Scientists predict population sizes by using
a. survivorship, migration, life expectancy, and replacement
structure.
b. life expectancy, age structure, fertility rate, and migration.
c. replacement rate, fertility rate, age rates, and survivorship.
d. age structure, survivorship, fertility rate, and migration.

d. age structure, survivorship, fertility rate, and migration.

20

Age structure data include all of the following except
a. members of a population who are between 5 and 11 years
old.
b. the ratio of males to females in a population.
c. the amount of population change due to immigration or
emigration.
d. the ratio of older people to younger people in a population.

c. the amount of population change due to immigration or
emigration.