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Flashcards in Chapter 4 The Organization of Life Deck (20)
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1

change in the genetic characteristics in a population from one generation to the next

evolution

2

process that causes the characteristics of a population to change in a way controlled by humans

artificial selection

3

trait that increases an organism's chance of survival

adaptation

4

trait that may be unintentionally selected by humans

resistance

5

process that causes the characteristics of a population to change without human control

natural selection

6

Many angiosperms depend on animals for

pollinating their flowers, distributing their seeds, or providing food

pollinating their flowers and
distributing their seeds

7

Which invertebrates are generally small, allowing them to live on little food and to hide from enemies

insects

8

Which of the following are vertebrates?

clams, frogs, worms, insects

frogs

9

Which of the following are nonvascular plants?

flowering plants, algae, mosses, trees

mosses

10

Archaea and bacteria are

two domains, in the same kingdom, in the protist kingdom, or in the fungi kingdom

two domains

11

Which of the following is an abiotic factor in an ecosystem?

plants, bacteria, fungi and water

water

12

Natural selection is the unequal survival that results from the presence or absence of

particular traits

13

Which of the following best describes a population?

members of the same species living in the same place at the same time, all the red birds in an area, all types of organisms living in the same place, or all the members of the same species

members of the same species living in the same place at the same time

14

The place that contains everything an organism needs is its

habitat

15

a desert ecosystem contains

air, living things, sand, all of the above

all of the above

16

Bacteria that are no longer killed by an antibiotic have

evolved, developed unwanted adaptations, developed resistance to the antibiotic, all of the above

all of the above

17

Which of the following kingdoms includes algae?

plants, fungi, protists, bacteria

protists

18

Unicellular organisms with cell walls but no nuclei are

fungi, bacteria, protists, all of the above

bacteria

19

Which two kingdoms contain organisms that can use energy from the sun to make food?

protists and plants, fungi and plants, fungi and protists, plants and animals

protists and plants

20

Which of the following include organisms that break down dead organisms?

bacteria and protists, protists and fungi, fungi and plants, bacteria and fungi

bacteria and fungi